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Kinematic Reconstruction of a Deep-Seated Gravitational Slope Deformation by Geomorphic Analyses

Department of Earth Sciences, University of Firenze, Via G. La Pira 4, 50121 Firenze, Italy
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Geosciences 2018, 8(1), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8010026
Received: 9 November 2017 / Revised: 10 January 2018 / Accepted: 15 January 2018 / Published: 18 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Hazards and Risks Assessment)
On 4 November 2010, a deep-seated gravitational slope deformation (North Italy) reactivated with sudden ground movement. A 450,000 m2 mountainous area moved some metres downslope, but the undeniable signs were only connected to the triggering of a debris flow from the bulging area’s detrital cover and the presence of a continuous perimeter fracture near the crown area. Based on two detailed LiDAR surveys (2 m × 2 m) performed just a few days before and after the event, a quantitative topographic analysis was performed in a GIS environment, integrating morphometric terrain parameters (slope, aspect, surface roughness, hill shade, and curvature). The DEMs analysis highlighted some morphological changes related to deeper as well as shallow movements. Both global and sectorial displacements were widely verified and discussed, finally inferring that the geometry, persistence, and layout of all movements properly justify each current morphostructure, which has the shape of a typical Sackung-type structure with impulsive kinematics. Moreover, a targeted field survey allowed specific clues to be found that confirmed the global deduced dynamics of the slope deformation. Finally, thanks to a ground-based interferometric radar system (GB-InSAR) that was installed a few days after the reactivation, the residual deep-seated gravitational slope deformation (DSGSD) movements were also monitored. In the landslide lower bulging area, a localized material progression of small entities was observed for some months after the parossistic event, indicating a slow dissipation of forces in sectors more distant from the crown area. View Full-Text
Keywords: DSGSD; Airborne LiDAR; kinematic analysis; topographic changes; morphometric parameters; GIS; Sackung; GB-InSAR; morphological variations; landslide DSGSD; Airborne LiDAR; kinematic analysis; topographic changes; morphometric parameters; GIS; Sackung; GB-InSAR; morphological variations; landslide
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Morelli, S.; Pazzi, V.; Frodella, W.; Fanti, R. Kinematic Reconstruction of a Deep-Seated Gravitational Slope Deformation by Geomorphic Analyses. Geosciences 2018, 8, 26.

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