Next Article in Journal
Photographic Reportage on the Rebuilding after the Irpinia-Basilicata 1980 Earthquake (Southern Italy)
Next Article in Special Issue
Evidence of Unknown Paleo-Tsunami Events along the Alas Strait, West Sumbawa, Indonesia
Previous Article in Journal
Mapping Landform and Landslide Susceptibility Using Remote Sensing, GIS and Field Observation in the Southern Cross Road, Malang Regency, East Java, Indonesia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Reassessment of Long-Term Tsunami Hazards in Samoa Based on Sedimentary Signatures
Review

Modeling and Simulation of Tsunami Impact: A Short Review of Recent Advances and Future Challenges

by 1,*,† and 2,†
1
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Center for Applied Mathematics and Statistics, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
2
Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Geosciences 2021, 11(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences11010005
Received: 16 October 2020 / Revised: 15 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 24 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interdisciplinary Geosciences Perspectives of Tsunami Volume 3)
Tsunami modeling and simulation has changed in the past few years more than it has in decades, especially with respect to coastal inundation. Among other things, this change is supported by the approaching era of exa-scale computing, whether via GPU or more likely forms of hybrid computing whose presence is growing across the geosciences. For reasons identified in this review, exa-scale computing efforts will impact the on-shore, highly turbulent régime to a higher degree than the 2D shallow water equations used to model tsunami propagation in the open ocean. This short review describes the different approaches to tsunami modeling from generation to impact and underlines the limits of each model based on the flow régime. Moreover, from the perspective of a future comprehensive multi-scale modeling infrastructure to simulate a full tsunami, we underline the current challenges associated with this approach and review the few efforts that are currently underway to achieve this goal. A table of existing tsunami software packages is provided along with an open Github repository to allow developers and model users to update the table with additional models as they are published and help with model discoverability. View Full-Text
Keywords: tsunami modeling; tsunami simulations; numerical methods tsunami modeling; tsunami simulations; numerical methods
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Marras, S.; Mandli, K.T. Modeling and Simulation of Tsunami Impact: A Short Review of Recent Advances and Future Challenges. Geosciences 2021, 11, 5. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences11010005

AMA Style

Marras S, Mandli KT. Modeling and Simulation of Tsunami Impact: A Short Review of Recent Advances and Future Challenges. Geosciences. 2021; 11(1):5. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences11010005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marras, Simone, and Kyle T. Mandli 2021. "Modeling and Simulation of Tsunami Impact: A Short Review of Recent Advances and Future Challenges" Geosciences 11, no. 1: 5. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences11010005

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop