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Open AccessArticle

Quaternary Thrusting in the Central Oman Mountains—Novel Observations and Causes: Insights from Optical Stimulate Luminescence Dating and Kinematic Fault Analyses

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Department of Applied Physics and Astronomy, College of Sciences, University of Sharjah, P.O. Box: 27272 Sharjah, UAE
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Department of Earth Sciences, College of Science, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box: 36, PC 123 Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman
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Geography and Planning Department, Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi, P.O. 38044 Abu Dhabi, UAE
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Geoluminescence Dating Research Lab., Department of Geosciences, Baylor University, Waco, TX 76798, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2020, 10(5), 166; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10050166
Received: 18 March 2020 / Revised: 29 April 2020 / Accepted: 30 April 2020 / Published: 5 May 2020
For the first time, Quaternary thrusts are documented within the Central Oman Mountains to the northwest of the Jabal Akhdar Dome. Thrusts with a throw of up to 1.1 m displace Quaternary alluvial fan conglomerates. These conglomerates have an Optical Stimulate Luminescence (OSL) age of 159 ± 7.9 ka BP and were deposited during MIS 6 (Marine Isotope Stage). The thrusts occur in two sets. Sets 1 and 2 formed during NE/SW and NW/SE shortening, respectively. Set-1-thusts correlate with the present-day stress field of NE/SW shortening which is related to subduction in the Makran Subduction Zone, and they strike parallel to the main continuous fold axis of the Jabal Akhdar and Hawasina windows. Set-2-thrusts correspond to NW/SE shortening and Plio-Pleistocene contractional structures in the southwestern Jabal Akhdar Dome. Set-2-thrusts are probably related to local variations of the present-day stress field originating from the Musandam area which is a part of the Zagros Collision Zone. Both thrust sets mimic the main thrust directions (NW/SE and NE/SW) within the Permo-Mesozoic allochthonous units (Semail Ophiolite, Hawasina napps) of the larger study area. The investigated thrusts imply some reactivation of the Hawasina and Semail thrusts due to far-field stress either from the Makran Subduction Zone and/or the Zagros Collision Zone. The ongoing tectonic activity of this part of the Oman Mountains, which has been considered of moderate activity, is for first time identified by structural data as contractional. View Full-Text
Keywords: Neotectonics; Arabian Plate; Jabal Akhdar; thrust Neotectonics; Arabian Plate; Jabal Akhdar; thrust
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Moraetis, D.; Scharf, A.; Mattern, F.; Pavlopoulos, K.; Forman, S. Quaternary Thrusting in the Central Oman Mountains—Novel Observations and Causes: Insights from Optical Stimulate Luminescence Dating and Kinematic Fault Analyses. Geosciences 2020, 10, 166.

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