Next Article in Journal
Combined Use of Indirect ELISA and Western Blotting with Recombinant Hepatocellular Carcinoma-Associated Antigen 59 Is a Potential Immunodiagnostic Tool for the Detection of Prepatent Haemonchus contortus Infection in Goat
Next Article in Special Issue
Effects of Mannan Oligosaccharides on Gas Emission, Protein and Energy Utilization, and Fasting Metabolism in Sheep
Previous Article in Journal
The Effects of Maternal Obesity on Porcine Placental Efficiency and Proteome
Previous Article in Special Issue
Former Foodstuff Products in Tenebrio Molitor Rearing: Effects on Growth, Chemical Composition, Microbiological Load, and Antioxidant Status
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Supplementation with Trimethylglycine (Betaine) and/or Vitamins on Semen Quality, Fertility, Antioxidant Status, DNA Repair and Welfare of Roosters Exposed to Chronic Heat Stress

1
Arid Land Agriculture Department, Faculty of Meteorology, Environment and Arid Land Agriculture, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
2
Animal and Poultry Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22713, Egypt
3
Department of Poultry Nutrition, Animal production Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Alexandria 21917, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2019, 9(8), 547; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9080547
Received: 18 June 2019 / Revised: 31 July 2019 / Accepted: 2 August 2019 / Published: 12 August 2019
Semen, reproductive traits, and the welfare of males are negatively affected by environmental stressors. Stress-alleviating agents, such as vitamins and osmoregulators, may improve semen quality, seminal and blood plasma constituents, antioxidants’ status, and the welfare of roosters exposed to chronic heat stress (CHS). It has been shown that betaine (Bet) may be a useful tool for improving the reproductive traits of roosters exposed to CHS, and may have comparable effects to vitamin C and/or E, thus improving the breeding strategy.
In this study, we investigated the influence of betaine (Bet, 1000 mg/kg), with or without vitamin C (VC, 200 mg/kg ascorbic acid) and/or vitamin E (VE, 150 mg/kg α-tocopherol acetate) on semen quality, seminal and blood plasma constituents, antioxidants’ status, DNA repair, and the welfare of chronic heat stress (CHS)-exposed roosters. A total of 54 roosters were divided into six groups of nine replicates. One group was kept under thermoneutral conditions, whereas the other five were kept under CHS. One of the five groups served as an unsupplemented CHS group, and was fed with a basal diet. The other four CHS groups were supplemented with Bet, Bet + VC, Bet + VE, and Bet + VC + VE, respectively. Our data indicate that supplementation with Bet, Bet + VC, Bet + VE, and Bet + VC + VE, resulted in complete recovery of the CHS effect on sperm concentration and livability, semen pH, and fertility compared to the thermoneutral group. Seminal plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC) was significantly (p < 0.05) increased with Bet, with or without vitamins, compared to the thermoneutral and CHS groups. Urea and blood plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) were totally recovered with Bet, with or without vitamin treatments. Both the jejunum and ileum DNA were partially recovered following Bet, with or without vitamin supplementation. In conclusion, Bet, at 1000 mg/kg feed, may be a useful agent for increasing semen quality, fertility, welfare, and to improve the breeding strategy of breeder males in hot climates. View Full-Text
Keywords: betaine; vitamin C; vitamin E; heat stress; roosters; semen quality; blood constituents betaine; vitamin C; vitamin E; heat stress; roosters; semen quality; blood constituents
MDPI and ACS Style

Attia, Y.A.; El-Naggar, A.S..; Abou-Shehema, B.M.; Abdella, A.A. Effect of Supplementation with Trimethylglycine (Betaine) and/or Vitamins on Semen Quality, Fertility, Antioxidant Status, DNA Repair and Welfare of Roosters Exposed to Chronic Heat Stress. Animals 2019, 9, 547. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9080547

AMA Style

Attia YA, El-Naggar AS, Abou-Shehema BM, Abdella AA. Effect of Supplementation with Trimethylglycine (Betaine) and/or Vitamins on Semen Quality, Fertility, Antioxidant Status, DNA Repair and Welfare of Roosters Exposed to Chronic Heat Stress. Animals. 2019; 9(8):547. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9080547

Chicago/Turabian Style

Attia, Youssef A.; El-Naggar, Asmaa S..; Abou-Shehema, Bahaa M.; Abdella, Ahmed A. 2019. "Effect of Supplementation with Trimethylglycine (Betaine) and/or Vitamins on Semen Quality, Fertility, Antioxidant Status, DNA Repair and Welfare of Roosters Exposed to Chronic Heat Stress" Animals 9, no. 8: 547. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9080547

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop