Next Article in Journal
Feeding Enrichment in a Captive Pack of European Wolves (Canis Lupus Lupus): Assessing the Effects on Welfare and on a Zoo’s Recreational, Educational and Conservational Role
Previous Article in Journal
Developmental Competence of Domestic Cat Vitrified Oocytes in 3D Enriched Culture Conditions
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Changes in Serum Amyloid A (SAA) Concentration in Arabian Endurance Horses During First Training Season

1
Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
2
Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
3
Laboratory of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
4
Department of Animal Nutrition and Biotechnology, Faculty of Animal Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
5
Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, 01-163 Warsaw, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2019, 9(6), 330; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9060330
Received: 16 April 2019 / Revised: 24 May 2019 / Accepted: 6 June 2019 / Published: 8 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Welfare)
  |  
PDF [415 KB, uploaded 8 June 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Sport training leads to adaptation to physical effort that is reflected by the changes in blood parameters. In equine endurance athletes, blood testing is accepted as a support in training, however, only the changes before versus after exercise in creatine phosphokinase activity (CPK) and basic blood parameters are usually measured. This study is the first longitudinal investigation of the changes in routinely measured blood parameters and, additionally, serum amyloid A (SAA), during seven months, in Arabian horses introduced to endurance training and competing in events for young horses. It has been determined that CPK, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), packed cell volume (PCV), hemoglobin concentration, red blood cell count (RBC), and concentration of total serum protein (TSP) slightly increased after training sessions and competitions in similar manner. The increase in white blood cell (WBC) count was higher after competitions and SAA increased only after competitions. Total protein concentration was the only parameter that increased with training during a 7-month program. SAA indicated only in the case of heavy effort, and, it thus may be helpful in the monitoring of training in young horses. In an optimal program, its concentration should not increase after a training session but only after heavy effort, which should not be repeated too often. View Full-Text
Keywords: APPs; exercise-induced APR; sport medicine; equine; hematology APPs; exercise-induced APR; sport medicine; equine; hematology
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Witkowska-Piłaszewicz, O.; Bąska, P.; Czopowicz, M.; Żmigrodzka, M.; Szczepaniak, J.; Szarska, E.; Winnicka, A.; Cywińska, A. Changes in Serum Amyloid A (SAA) Concentration in Arabian Endurance Horses During First Training Season. Animals 2019, 9, 330.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Animals EISSN 2076-2615 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top