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Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Residual Feed Intake and Its Relevant Measurements in Two Varieties of Japanese Quails (Coturnixcoturnix japonica) under High Environmental Temperature

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Department of Animal Production and Breeding, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, Al-Qassim 51452, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, HadayekShoubra 11241, Cairo, Egypt
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Department of Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh 33516, Egypt
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Animal Production Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Dokki, Giza 12618, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2019, 9(6), 299; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9060299
Received: 21 April 2019 / Revised: 21 May 2019 / Accepted: 22 May 2019 / Published: 30 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Poultry Nutrition)
Residual feed intake (RFI) is an important factor in improving poultry production and laying performance, particularly for poultry raised under heat stress. An experiment was conducted to assess RFI and its related measurements in Japanese quails (Coturnixcoturnix japonica) of two varieties (gray and white) reared under high environmental temperatures.The current results confirmed that raising gray quails for egg production under high environmental temperature is recommended. Multiple regression analysis clearly identified a significant effect of metabolic body weight and egg mass for the computation of expected feed intake rather than body weight gain in both varieties of Japanese quails.
Three hundred and ten 12-week-old laying Japanese quails (Coturnixcoturnix japonica) from gray and white varieties (155 each) were randomly selected from the initial population and kept in individual battery cages. The measurements of growth and egg production were determined to derive residual feed intake (RFI). The relationship between RFI and egg quality, blood parameters, and carcass characteristics was also determined. The results indicated that the gray quails had significantly higher egg mass and lower broken eggs compared to the white quails. A significant increase of eggshell strength and shell percentage was found in eggs produced from gray quails compared to their white counterparts, although their shell thickness means weresimilar. The results of multiple regression analysis clearly identified a significant effect of metabolic body weight and egg mass for the computation of expected feed intake, rather than body weight gain, in both varieties of Japanese quails. A strong positive correlation between RFI and feed intake in both gray and white quail varieties was found. The same trend was also observed for feed conversion ratio (FCR). Therefore, including RFI in the selection criteria of Japanese quails in order to improve FCR under high environmental temperature is highly recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: residual feed consumption; quail; high environmental temperature residual feed consumption; quail; high environmental temperature
MDPI and ACS Style

Fathi, M.M.; Al-Homidan, I.; Ebeid, T.A.; Galal, A.; Abou-Emera, O.K. Assessment of Residual Feed Intake and Its Relevant Measurements in Two Varieties of Japanese Quails (Coturnixcoturnix japonica) under High Environmental Temperature. Animals 2019, 9, 299.

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