Next Article in Journal
The Hsp70 Gene Family in Boleophthalmus pectinirostris: Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Analysis under High Ammonia Stress
Previous Article in Journal
The Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Vitamin E, Selenium, Zinc, Folic Acid, and N-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on Sperm Motility and Membrane Properties in Dogs
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Animals 2019, 9(2), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9020035

Primiparous and Multiparous Sows Have Largely Similar Colostrum and Milk Composition Profiles Throughout Lactation

1
Research and Innovation, Rivalea (Australia) Pty. Ltd., Corowa, NSW 2646, Australia
2
School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
3
Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville Vic 3010, Australia
4
Australasian Pork Research Institute Ltd. (APRIL), Willaston, SA 5118, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 January 2019 / Accepted: 23 January 2019 / Published: 26 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Pig)
Full-Text   |   PDF [857 KB, uploaded 26 January 2019]   |  

Abstract

It is important to understand the biological factors influencing the poorer lifetime performance of gilt progeny in comparison to sow progeny and determine whether this may be partially due to differences in lactation performance between primiparous and multiparous sows. It was hypothesized that primiparous sows would have lower levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG) in colostrum and milk compared to multiparous sows, and lower levels of other energetic components. Differences in colostrum and milk composition between ten primiparous and ten multiparous sows (parities 3 and 4) from a commercial herd were examined throughout lactation (day 0, 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, and 21). Overall, there were no (p ≥ 0.05) parity differences in total IgG, fat, protein, lactose, and net energy (NE) concentrations. Primiparous sows had higher lactose levels at day 2 (parity by timepoint interaction; p = 0.036) and lower NE at day 3 (p = 0.091), and multiparous sows had higher lactose levels at days 14 and 21. Results suggest that shortcomings of gilt progeny are unlikely due to insufficient nutrient levels in colostrum and milk, and more likely to reduced colostrum and milk intake and their capacity to digest and absorb each component. View Full-Text
Keywords: colostrum; energy; fat; immunity; IgG; lactose; milk; parity; piglet; protein colostrum; energy; fat; immunity; IgG; lactose; milk; parity; piglet; protein
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Craig, J.R.; Dunshea, F.R.; Cottrell, J.J.; Wijesiriwardana, U.A.; Pluske, J.R. Primiparous and Multiparous Sows Have Largely Similar Colostrum and Milk Composition Profiles Throughout Lactation. Animals 2019, 9, 35.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Animals EISSN 2076-2615 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top