Copy Number Variation of the CADM2 Gene and Its Association with Growth Traits in Yak
Key Laboratory of Yak Breeding Engineering Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Husbandry and Pharmaceutical Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730050, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 October 2019
Revised: 16 November 2019
Accepted: 18 November 2019
Published: 21 November 2019
Cell adhesion molecule 2 (CADM2), also known as synaptic cell adhesion molecule 2 (SYNCAM2), is the mediator of synaptic signals enriched in the brain. Overlaps between copy number variation (CNV) regions in CADM2 and quantitative trait loci (QTL) related to body weight have been clarified in a previous study. In this study, two loci were amplified in the CADM2 gene (CNV1: 235,915 bp, exon 1 and partial intron 1; CNV2: 60,430 bp, intron 9) to explore the relationship between CNV types in the CADM2 gene and growth traits in 350 Ashidan yaks. Association analysis illustrated that no significant effect was found on growth traits in CNV1. However, the CNV2 mutation had a significant effect on body weight at the sixth month (p < 0.05). Individuals with the gain-type copy number variation CNV2 were significantly superior to those with loss- or normal-type in terms of body weight (p < 0.05). In summary, this study confirmed that CADM2-CNVs affect growth traits in yaks, and may be candidate genes for successful yak breeding and genetics projects.