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Article

Copy Number Variation of the CADM2 Gene and Its Association with Growth Traits in Yak

Key Laboratory of Yak Breeding Engineering Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Husbandry and Pharmaceutical Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730050, China
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Animals 2019, 9(12), 1008; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9121008
Received: 21 October 2019 / Revised: 16 November 2019 / Accepted: 18 November 2019 / Published: 21 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Genetics and Genomics)
Cell adhesion molecule 2 (CADM2), also known as synaptic cell adhesion molecule 2 (SYNCAM2), is the mediator of synaptic signals enriched in the brain. Overlaps between copy number variation (CNV) regions in CADM2 and quantitative trait loci (QTL) related to body weight have been clarified in a previous study. In this study, two loci were amplified in the CADM2 gene (CNV1: 235,915 bp, exon 1 and partial intron 1; CNV2: 60,430 bp, intron 9) to explore the relationship between CNV types in the CADM2 gene and growth traits in 350 Ashidan yaks. Association analysis illustrated that no significant effect was found on growth traits in CNV1. However, the CNV2 mutation had a significant effect on body weight at the sixth month (p < 0.05). Individuals with the gain-type copy number variation CNV2 were significantly superior to those with loss- or normal-type in terms of body weight (p < 0.05). In summary, this study confirmed that CADM2-CNVs affect growth traits in yaks, and may be candidate genes for successful yak breeding and genetics projects.
Copy number variation (CNV) is currently accepted as a common source of genetic variation. It is reported that CNVs may influence the resistance to disease and complex economic traits, such as residual feed intake, muscle formation, and fat deposition in livestock. Cell adhesion molecule 2 (CADM2) is expressed widely in the brain and adipose tissue and can regulate body weight through the central nervous system. Growth traits are important economic traits for animal selection. In this study, we aimed to explore the effect of CADM2 gene copy number variants on yak growth traits. Here, two CNVs in the CADM2 gene were investigated using the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and the association of the CNVs with growth traits in yak was analyzed using statistical methods by SPSS software. Differences were considered significant if the p value was < 0.05. Statistical analysis indicated significant association of CADM2-CNV2 with the body weight of the Chinese Ashidan yak. A significant effect of CNV2 (p < 0.05) was found on body weight at 6 months. In CNV2, the gain-type copy number variation exhibited greater performance than the other variants, with greater body weight observed at 6 months (p < 0.05). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to investigate the function of CADM2-CNVs and their association with growth traits in animals. This may be a useful candidate marker in marker-assisted selection of yaks. View Full-Text
Keywords: copy number variation (CNV); CADM2 gene; growth traits; association analysis; yak copy number variation (CNV); CADM2 gene; growth traits; association analysis; yak
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ge, F.; Jia, C.; Chu, M.; Liang, C.; Yan, P. Copy Number Variation of the CADM2 Gene and Its Association with Growth Traits in Yak. Animals 2019, 9, 1008. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9121008

AMA Style

Ge F, Jia C, Chu M, Liang C, Yan P. Copy Number Variation of the CADM2 Gene and Its Association with Growth Traits in Yak. Animals. 2019; 9(12):1008. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9121008

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ge, Fei, Congjun Jia, Min Chu, Chunnian Liang, and Ping Yan. 2019. "Copy Number Variation of the CADM2 Gene and Its Association with Growth Traits in Yak" Animals 9, no. 12: 1008. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9121008

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