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Animals 2018, 8(10), 184; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8100184

Single and Combined Effects of Clostridium butyricum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae on Growth Indices, Intestinal Health, and Immunity of Broilers

1
Department of Nutrition and Veterinary Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22511, Egypt
2
Department of Poultry, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44511, Egypt
3
Department of Animal Production, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Egypt
4
Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44511, Egypt
5
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44511, Egypt
6
Department of Poultry and Fish Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22511, Egypt
7
Department of Nutrition and Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Edfina 22758, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 August 2018 / Revised: 13 October 2018 / Accepted: 15 October 2018 / Published: 19 October 2018
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Simple Summary

After banning the use of antibiotics as growth promoters in poultry production, scientists had to find efficient and safe alternatives. Because of their useful properties, two types of probiotic bacteria were chosen to be administrated in a broiler diet, either individually or combined. Useful effects were obtained regarding improvements of growth performance, and immunity.

Abstract

A total of 120 1-day-old commercial Cobb chicks were used to study the effects of Clostridium butyricum (C. butyricum) and/or Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) on growth performance, intestinal health, and immune status in broilers. The experimental groups were as follows: G1; basal diet (BD), G2; basal diet (BD) plus C. butyricum preparation at 0.5 g/kg diet, G3; BD plus S. cerevisiae preparation at 0.5 g/kg diet, G4; BD plus 0.25 g/kg C. butyricum preparation plus 0.25 g/kg S. cerevisiae. Results showed that the total body weight gain, feed conversion efficiency, and protein efficiency ratio were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the G4 group than in the other groups. The mortality percentage was reduced in the probiotic-supplemented groups. The villi height was elongated, and the villus height/crypt depth ratio was significantly increased in G2 and G4 chicks, compared to those in the control. The crypt depth was significantly decreased in all the probiotic-supplemented groups. Hemagglutination inhibition titers for Newcastle disease virus (NDV) were markedly increased in G2 and G4 chicks at 35 days of age, compared to those in G3 and control chicks. These results showed that dietary supplementation of a combined mixture of C. butyricum and S. cerevisiae in an equal ratio (G4) was more effective in improving growth performance, immune status, and gut health of broilers, compared with individual supplementation at a full dose. View Full-Text
Keywords: probiotics; C. butyricum; S. cerevisiae; microbiota; performance; broilers probiotics; C. butyricum; S. cerevisiae; microbiota; performance; broilers
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abdel-Latif, M.A.; Abd El-Hack, M.E.; Swelum, A.A.; Saadeldin, I.M.; Elbestawy, A.R.; Shewita, R.S.; Ba-Awadh, H.A.; Alowaimer, A.N.; Abd El-Hamid, H.S. Single and Combined Effects of Clostridium butyricum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae on Growth Indices, Intestinal Health, and Immunity of Broilers. Animals 2018, 8, 184.

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