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Animals 2018, 8(10), 166; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8100166

Expression Analysis of the Prolific Candidate Genes, BMPR1B, BMP15, and GDF9 in Small Tail Han Ewes with Three Fecundity (FecB Gene) Genotypes

1
Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics and Breeding and Reproduction of Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
2
Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hefei 230031, China
3
Tianjin Institute of Animal Sciences, Tianjin 300381, China
These authors contributed equally to this study.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 August 2018 / Revised: 24 September 2018 / Accepted: 26 September 2018 / Published: 28 September 2018
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Simple Summary

As important prolific candidate genes, BMPR1B, BMP15, and GDF9 may affect the lambing performance of sheep. Therefore, regarding the three FecB genotypes of Small Tail Han (STH) sheep (FecB BB, FecB B+, and FecB ++), this study explored the gene expression characteristics of different tissues using reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR). The results showed that BMPR1B, BMP15, and GDF9 expression differed between the selected tissues, with all being highly expressed in the ovaries. Further analysis indicated that there was no significant difference in BMPR1B expression among the three FecB genotypes, but both GDF9 and BMP15 had the highest expression in FecB B+. As for other non-ovarian tissues, expression also varied. This study is relevant to understanding the high prolificacy of the STH breed.

Abstract

The expression characteristics of the prolific candidate genes, BMPR1B, BMP15, and GDF9, in the major visceral organs and hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal (HPG) axis tissues of three FecB genotypes (FecB BB, FecB B+, and FecB ++) were explored in STH ewes using RT-PCR and qPCR. The results were as follows, BMPR1B was expressed in all FecB BB genotype (Han BB) tissues, and GDF9 was expressed in all selected tissues, but BMP15 was specifically expressed in the ovaries. Further study of ovarian expression indicated that there was no difference in BMPR1B expression between genotypes, but the FecB B+ genotype (Han B+) had greater expression of GDF9 and BMP15 than Han BB and FecB ++ genotype (Han ++) (p < 0.05, p < 0.01). BMP15 expression was lower in the ovaries of Han BB than in Han ++ sheep, but the reverse was shown for GDF9. The gene expression in non-ovarian tissues was also different between genotypes. Therefore, we consider that the three genes have an important function in ovine follicular development and maturation. This is the first systematic analysis of the tissue expression pattern of BMPR1B, BMP15, and GDF9 genes in STH sheep of the three FecB genotypes. These results contribute to the understanding of the molecular regulatory mechanism for ovine reproduction. View Full-Text
Keywords: candidate gene; FecB genotype; tissue expression; sheep candidate gene; FecB genotype; tissue expression; sheep
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, J.; Hu, W.; Di, R.; Liu, Q.; Wang, X.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, J.; Chu, M. Expression Analysis of the Prolific Candidate Genes, BMPR1B, BMP15, and GDF9 in Small Tail Han Ewes with Three Fecundity (FecB Gene) Genotypes. Animals 2018, 8, 166.

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