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Open AccessConference Report
Animals 2016, 6(9), 50;

A Good Death? Report of the Second Newcastle Meeting on Laboratory Animal Euthanasia

Research Animals Department, Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), Wilberforce Way, Southwater, Horsham, West Sussex RH13 9RS, UK
National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs), Gibbs Building, 215 Euston Road, London NW1 2BE, UK
Laboratory Animal Resource Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
Animals in Science Regulation Unit, Home Office Science, 1st Floor Peel NE, 2 Marsham Street, London SW1P 4DF, UK
Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Private Bag 11 222, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
Animal Welfare Program, University of British Colombia, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Freie Universität Berlin, Koserstraße 20, Berlin 14195, Germany
School of Biology, University of Plymouth, Smeaton 008D, Drakes Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW), The Old School, Brewhouse Hill, Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire AL4 8AN, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Clive J. C. Phillips
Received: 8 December 2015 / Revised: 29 July 2016 / Accepted: 11 August 2016 / Published: 23 August 2016
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Millions of laboratory animals are killed each year worldwide. There is an ethical, and in many countries also a legal, imperative to ensure those deaths cause minimal suffering. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding what methods of killing are humane for many species and stages of development. In 2013, an international group of researchers and stakeholders met at Newcastle University, United Kingdom to discuss the latest research and which methods could currently be considered most humane for the most commonly used laboratory species (mice, rats and zebrafish). They also discussed factors to consider when making decisions about appropriate techniques for particular species and projects, and priorities for further research. This report summarises the research findings and discussions, with recommendations to help inform good practice for humane killing. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal welfare; carbon dioxide; euthanasia; humane killing; mouse; rat; refinement; 3Rs; zebrafish animal welfare; carbon dioxide; euthanasia; humane killing; mouse; rat; refinement; 3Rs; zebrafish

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Hawkins, P.; Prescott, M.J.; Carbone, L.; Dennison, N.; Johnson, C.; Makowska, I.J.; Marquardt, N.; Readman, G.; Weary, D.M.; Golledge, H.D.R. A Good Death? Report of the Second Newcastle Meeting on Laboratory Animal Euthanasia. Animals 2016, 6, 50.

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