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Animals 2015, 5(4), 1092-1113;

Wildlife in U.S. Cities: Managing Unwanted Animals

The Humane Society of the United States, 2100 L St. NW, Washington, DC, USA
Academic Editors: Kate Littin, Trudy Sharp and Ngaio Beausoleil
Received: 31 July 2015 / Revised: 26 October 2015 / Accepted: 4 November 2015 / Published: 11 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ethical and Welfare Dimensions of the Management of Unwanted Wildlife)
Full-Text   |   PDF [153 KB, uploaded 11 November 2015]

Simple Summary

Wild animals are increasingly adapting to living in urbanizing environments, even as urban living has become the dominant human life style. This leads to greater opportunities to experience and enjoy wildlife, but also to increases in the kind and frequency of human-wildlife conflicts. Conflicts occur not only with species deemed to be perennial pests or nuisances, but situationally and episodically with others that are valued and esteemed. Regardless of how we view wild animals with whom we have conflicts, all deserve moral consideration and humane treatment. Issues in coexisting with urban wildlife are reviewed here.


Conflicts between people and wild animals in cities are undoubtedly as old as urban living itself. In the United States it is only of late, however, that many of the species now found in cities have come to live there. The increasing kind and number of human-wildlife conflicts in urbanizing environments makes it a priority that effective and humane means of conflict resolution be found. The urban public wants conflicts with wildlife resolved humanely, but needs to know what the alternative management approaches are, and what ethical standards should guide their use. This paper examines contemporary urban wildlife control in the United States with a focus on the moral concerns this raises. Much of the future for urban wildlife will depend on reform in governance, but much as well will depend on cultural changes that promote greater respect and understanding for wild animals and the biotic communities of which they and we are both a part. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban wildlife; pest; nuisance wildlife; human-wildlife conflict; animal welfare; humane wildlife control urban wildlife; pest; nuisance wildlife; human-wildlife conflict; animal welfare; humane wildlife control
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hadidian, J. Wildlife in U.S. Cities: Managing Unwanted Animals. Animals 2015, 5, 1092-1113.

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