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Article

Effect of Post-Hatch Heat-Treatment in Heat-Stressed Transylvanian Naked Neck Chicken

1
Animal Biotechnology Department (AB), Institute of Genetics and Biotechnology (GBI), Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, 2100 Gödöllő, Hungary
2
Institute for Farm Animal Gene Conservation, National Centre for Biodiversity and Gene Conservation, 2100 Gödöllő, Hungary
3
Stem-Cell and Brain Research Institute, U1208 INSERM, USC1361 INRA, 69675 Bron, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ilias Giannenas and Velmurugu Ravindran
Animals 2021, 11(6), 1575; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11061575
Received: 26 March 2021 / Revised: 11 May 2021 / Accepted: 20 May 2021 / Published: 27 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Poultry)
Heat stress due to high environmental temperature negatively influences animal productivity. Extensive studies have been carried out to evaluate the mechanisms of heat stress in chickens. It was shown that the expression level of heat-shock factors (HSFs) and heat-shock proteins (HSPs) were affected. Tissue-specific responses to the thermal challenge were also found in the heart, liver and muscle. Our study examined the changes in primary production parameters and four heat-shock factor and two heat-shock protein expression profiles in chicken gonads. In the first experiment, 24 h after hatching, 80 Transylvanian Naked Neck chickens were heat-treated at 38.5 °C ambient temperature with 60% humidity for 12 h. In this experiment, we studied the primary productivity parameters of matured chickens after the performed heat stress. In the second experiment, the heat treatment was the same, and we examined the expression pattern of heat-shock factors and heat-shock proteins in the control and treated gonads. We collected the samples immediately after the heat-treatment in case of half of the treated and control group. We found a significant difference in egg production, and increased expression level of HSP90 and HSF4 in heat-treated female gonads.
Although numerous studies reported the effects of heat stress in chickens, it was not investigated in the Transylvanian Naked Neck breed. In our research, Transylvanian Naked Neck chickens, 24 h after hatching, were heat-treated at 38.5 °C for 12 h. We compared the control and heat-treated adult chickens’ productivity parameters following 12 weeks of heat-stress at 30 °C. We found that the heat-treated layers had significantly higher egg production in heat stress, but in cockerels, the sperm quality did not differ significantly between the two groups. To detect the effect of heat-treatment on a molecular level, the expression of two heat-shock proteins and four heat-shock factors were analysed in the gonads of control and heat-treated chickens. We found that the expression level of HSP90 and HSF4 increased significantly in heat-treated female chicken gonads. Still, in adult females, the expression of HSF2 and HSF3 were substantially lower compared to the control. In adult heat-treated males, the HSP70, HSF1 and HSF3 expression levels showed a significant increase in both gonads compared to the control. We think that the presented significant differences in egg production might be related to the increased expression level of HSP90 and HSF4 in heat-treated female gonads. View Full-Text
Keywords: poultry; heat-treatment; heat-shock proteins; heat-shock factors; climate change poultry; heat-treatment; heat-shock proteins; heat-shock factors; climate change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tóth, R.; Tokodyné Szabadi, N.; Lázár, B.; Buda, K.; Végi, B.; Barna, J.; Patakiné Várkonyi, E.; Liptói, K.; Pain, B.; Gócza, E. Effect of Post-Hatch Heat-Treatment in Heat-Stressed Transylvanian Naked Neck Chicken. Animals 2021, 11, 1575. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11061575

AMA Style

Tóth R, Tokodyné Szabadi N, Lázár B, Buda K, Végi B, Barna J, Patakiné Várkonyi E, Liptói K, Pain B, Gócza E. Effect of Post-Hatch Heat-Treatment in Heat-Stressed Transylvanian Naked Neck Chicken. Animals. 2021; 11(6):1575. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11061575

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tóth, Roland, Nikolett Tokodyné Szabadi, Bence Lázár, Kitti Buda, Barbara Végi, Judit Barna, Eszter Patakiné Várkonyi, Krisztina Liptói, Bertrand Pain, and Elen Gócza. 2021. "Effect of Post-Hatch Heat-Treatment in Heat-Stressed Transylvanian Naked Neck Chicken" Animals 11, no. 6: 1575. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11061575

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