Next Article in Journal
Keel Bone Damage in Laying Hens—Its Relation to Bone Mineral Density, Body Growth Rate and Laying Performance
Next Article in Special Issue
A Case Study on the Behavioural Effect of Positive Reinforcement Training in a Novel Task Participation Test in Göttingen Mini Pigs
Previous Article in Journal
Appeasing Pheromones against Bovine Respiratory Complex and Modulation of Immune Transcript Expressions
Previous Article in Special Issue
Physiological and Clinical Responses in Pigs in Relation to Plasma Concentrations during Anesthesia with Dexmedetomidine, Tiletamine, Zolazepam, and Butorphanol
Article

Brexit: A Boon or a Curse for Animals Used in Scientific Procedures?

School of Law, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
Academic Editor: Nelida Fernandez
Animals 2021, 11(6), 1547; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11061547
Received: 4 April 2021 / Revised: 16 May 2021 / Accepted: 19 May 2021 / Published: 25 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laboratory Animals)
Many animal welfare laws, including those regulating animals used in scientific procedures, have been impacted by the EU. The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 (ASPA) is the main legislation in the UK governing animals used in scientific procedures and was amended with the introduction of Directive 2010/63/EU. Though in some ways it seemed that the Directive would improve the welfare of animals in scientific procedures, this may have not been the case. In light of Brexit, the UK faces challenges in maintaining the protection for these animals, particularly with no longer having access to REACH and the risk of duplicate experiments. There are also, however, opportunities to increase the protection already established and build upon the UK’s reputation of being a leader in animal welfare. This includes more transparency of experiments carried out, utilizing more non-animal methodologies and ending severe suffering. This article will explore the potential implications of Brexit on the welfare of animals used in experiments, focusing on legislation surrounding their welfare and protection. It will also suggest ways in which this protection can be progressed, with potentially more freedom to amend or introduce legislation to do so.
The UK has long been hailed as one of the world leaders in animal welfare. Within the UK, animals used in experiments are provided some protection under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 (ASPA). This Act was impacted by European Union (EU) Directive 2010/63/EU, and subsequently the ASPA was updated to reflect any changes required. While the Directive is very similar to the protection the UK already afforded to animals used in experiments, there were some advances that the Directive provided that were not present in the ASPA. On paper, the changes introduced were promising but may not have been achieved in practice. In 2016, the British public voted to leave the EU, which presented concerns over animal welfare protection and legislation provided by EU law. With the completion of Brexit, there may be an opportunity to diverge from the Directive to advance protection for animals used in experiments. This article explores the influence that the EU has had on animal experimentation in the UK, the potential implications of Brexit on the welfare of animals used in experiments and suggests ways in which this protection can be progressed, with potentially more freedom to amend or introduce legislation to do so. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal experimentation; animal (scientific procedures) Act 1986; Brexit; animal welfare animal experimentation; animal (scientific procedures) Act 1986; Brexit; animal welfare
MDPI and ACS Style

Dunn, R. Brexit: A Boon or a Curse for Animals Used in Scientific Procedures? Animals 2021, 11, 1547. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11061547

AMA Style

Dunn R. Brexit: A Boon or a Curse for Animals Used in Scientific Procedures? Animals. 2021; 11(6):1547. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11061547

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dunn, Rachel. 2021. "Brexit: A Boon or a Curse for Animals Used in Scientific Procedures?" Animals 11, no. 6: 1547. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11061547

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop