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Article

A Mother’s Story, Mitogenome Relationships in the Genus Rupicapra

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Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information Technologies, University of Primorska, 6000 Koper, Slovenia
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Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
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Environmental Protection College, 3320 Velenje, Slovenia
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Centre of Excellence for Biodiversity and Molecular Plant Breeding (CoE CroP-BioDiv), 1000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Andrej Marušič Institute, University of Primorska, 6000 Koper, Slovenia
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Institute of Mathematics, Physics, and Mechanics, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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Department of Breeding and Diseases of Game, Fish and Bees, Ecology and Cynology, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenského 73, 04181 Košice, Slovakia
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Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
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Institutes for Systems Genetics, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
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Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing 100193, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael E. Davis
Animals 2021, 11(4), 1065; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041065
Received: 3 March 2021 / Revised: 31 March 2021 / Accepted: 7 April 2021 / Published: 9 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Genetics and Genomics)
Two species of chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra and R. pyrenaica) are currently recognized by taxonomy and further subdivided into seven and three subspecies, respectively. However, recent research based on molecular markers finds this classification questionable. We aim to increase the resolution of published research on chamois phylogeny by including mitogenomes of all available subspecies, including the previously unpublished mitogenomes of R. r. balcanica and R. r. tatrica subspecies. The inferred phylogeny based on the full mitogenomes confirms the previously reported genus subdivision in three clades and its monophyletic positioning within the Caprinae. Phylogeny and taxonomy of Rupicapra species thus remain controversial prompting for the inclusion of archeological remains to solve the controversy.
Although the two species of chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra and R. pyrenaica) are currently classified as least-concern by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), inconsistencies on the subspecies classification reported in literature make it challenging to assess the conservation status of the single subspecies. Previous studies relying on mitochondrial genes, sometimes in combination with nuclear or Y-chromosome markers, reported the presence of clusters corresponding to the geographic distribution but highlighting ambiguities in the genus phylogeny. Here we report novel de novo assembled sequences of the mitochondrial genome from nine individuals, including previously unpublished R. r. balcanica and R. r. tatrica subspecies, and use them to untangle the genus phylogeny. Our results based on the full mitogenome inferred phylogeny confirm the previously reported genus subdivision in three clades and its monophyletic positioning within the Caprinae. Phylogeny and taxonomy of Rupicapra species thus remain controversial prompting for the inclusion of archeological remains to solve the controversy. View Full-Text
Keywords: chamois; mitogenome; phylogeny; Rupicapra chamois; mitogenome; phylogeny; Rupicapra
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MDPI and ACS Style

Iacolina, L.; Buzan, E.; Safner, T.; Bašić, N.; Geric, U.; Tesija, T.; Lazar, P.; Arnal, M.C.; Chen, J.; Han, J.; Šprem, N. A Mother’s Story, Mitogenome Relationships in the Genus Rupicapra. Animals 2021, 11, 1065. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041065

AMA Style

Iacolina L, Buzan E, Safner T, Bašić N, Geric U, Tesija T, Lazar P, Arnal MC, Chen J, Han J, Šprem N. A Mother’s Story, Mitogenome Relationships in the Genus Rupicapra. Animals. 2021; 11(4):1065. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041065

Chicago/Turabian Style

Iacolina, Laura, Elena Buzan, Toni Safner, Nino Bašić, Urska Geric, Toni Tesija, Peter Lazar, María C. Arnal, Jianhai Chen, Jianlin Han, and Nikica Šprem. 2021. "A Mother’s Story, Mitogenome Relationships in the Genus Rupicapra" Animals 11, no. 4: 1065. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041065

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