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Open AccessArticle

Early Diagnosis of Canine Hip Laxity: Correlation between Clinical Orthopedic Examinations and the FCI Scoring Method in a Closed Cohort of Rottweilers

1
Small Animal Surgery, University Clinic for Small Animals, Department for Companion Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine, 1210 Vienna, Austria
2
University Clinic for Small Animals, Department for Companion Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine, 1210 Vienna, Austria
3
Section of Physical Therapy, Small Animal Surgery, University Clinic for Small Animals, Department for Companion Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine, 1210 Vienna, Austria
4
Diagnostic Imaging, University Clinic for Small Animals, Department for Companion Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine, 1210 Vienna, Austria
5
Department for Biomedical Science, Platform Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, University of Veterinary Medicine, 1210 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kevin K. Haussler
Animals 2021, 11(2), 416; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11020416
Received: 18 January 2021 / Revised: 29 January 2021 / Accepted: 3 February 2021 / Published: 6 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Companion Animals)
Canine hip dysplasia is one of the most frequently occurring orthopedic diseases in dogs, and hip laxity is the primary sign of this disease. The early diagnosis of hip laxity in puppies would make veterinarians capable of planning preventative procedures to treat the disease or reduce the severity of disease at older ages. These procedures would improve the quality of the life of the dogs and reduce treatment costs. Furthermore, because of the importance of genetics in this disease, dogs with a risk of developing canine hip dysplasia in the future could be excluded from breeding programs. Therefore, the early diagnosis of canine hip laxity, as well as the selection of proper diagnostic methods, are of great importance in small animal orthopedics.
Canine hip dysplasia is a multifactorial disorder characterized by hip laxity and osteoarthritis. The early diagnosis of hip laxity is an important topic in small animal orthopedics. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between clinical orthopedic examinations and the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) scoring method. Thirty purebred Rottweilers were examined at approximately four (20 ± 2 weeks), eight (35 ± 2 weeks), and twelve months of age (54 ± 1 weeks), respectively. The Ortolani, Barlow, and Bardens tests and reduction/subluxation angle measurements were performed at each time. FCI scoring was conducted at the third examination time. Positive correlations were recorded between the reduction angle and Ortolani test, reduction angle and FCI score, and Ortolani test and FCI score for the second and third examination dates. No correlation was observed between the subluxation angle and other methods. Despite previous studies reporting 16–20 weeks as the earliest age for diagnosing hip laxity in dogs, in our study, early diagnosis was possible from the age of 35 ± 2 weeks. This difference might originate from the small sample size, low number of the dogs with severe grades of laxity, and breed differences. View Full-Text
Keywords: hip laxity; canine hip dysplasia; Ortolani; reduction angle hip laxity; canine hip dysplasia; Ortolani; reduction angle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vidoni, B.; Bauer, V.; Bockstahler, B.; Gumpenberger, M.; Tichy, A.; Aghapour, M. Early Diagnosis of Canine Hip Laxity: Correlation between Clinical Orthopedic Examinations and the FCI Scoring Method in a Closed Cohort of Rottweilers. Animals 2021, 11, 416. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11020416

AMA Style

Vidoni B, Bauer V, Bockstahler B, Gumpenberger M, Tichy A, Aghapour M. Early Diagnosis of Canine Hip Laxity: Correlation between Clinical Orthopedic Examinations and the FCI Scoring Method in a Closed Cohort of Rottweilers. Animals. 2021; 11(2):416. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11020416

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vidoni, Britta; Bauer, Veronika; Bockstahler, Barbara; Gumpenberger, Michaela; Tichy, Alexander; Aghapour, Masoud. 2021. "Early Diagnosis of Canine Hip Laxity: Correlation between Clinical Orthopedic Examinations and the FCI Scoring Method in a Closed Cohort of Rottweilers" Animals 11, no. 2: 416. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11020416

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