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Article

Regulation of Swine Growth by Backfat Tissue during Growing and Finishing Stages

1
Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University, Anseong 17546, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
2
Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Eugeniusz Ryszard Grela and Małgorzata Świątkiewicz
Animals 2021, 11(12), 3511; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11123511
Received: 7 October 2021 / Revised: 3 December 2021 / Accepted: 6 December 2021 / Published: 9 December 2021
Swine have a large influence on livestock animals. In particular, Korean native pigs (KNPs) have unique traits in their body composition including lipids and proteins. In this study, we performed RNA-sequencing analysis to identify porcine transcriptomic changes during growing and finishing stages in the backfat tissue of KNP and Yorkshire pig crossbreeds. Enrichment analysis revealed that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were significantly influenced by lipid metabolism and hormonal changes. Network analysis showed that the LEP and ACTC1 genes were connected with significant terminologies which resulted from up- and down-regulated DEGs. The results of our analysis indicate that backfat tissue could regulate swine biology during stages of growth. Consequently, our analysis provided comprehensive understanding for transcriptomic changes during growth periods.
Recently, interest in the function of pig backfat (BF) has increased in the field of livestock animals, and many transcriptome-based studies using commercial pig breeds have been conducted. However, there is a lack of comprehensive studies regarding the biological mechanisms of Korean native pigs (KNPs) and Yorkshire pig crossbreeds. In this study, therefore, BF samples of F1 crossbreeds of KNPs and Yorkshire pigs were investigated to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and their related terms using RNA-sequencing analysis. DEG analysis identified 611 DEGs, of which 182 were up-regulated and 429 were down-regulated. Lipid metabolism was identified in the up-regulated genes, whereas growth and maturation-related terminologies were identified in the down-regulated genes. LEP and ACTC1 were identified as highly connected core genes during functional gene network analysis. Fat tissue was observed to affect lipid metabolism and organ development due to hormonal changes driven by transcriptional alteration. This study provides a comprehensive understanding of BF contribution to crossbreeds of KNPs and Yorkshire pigs during growth periods. View Full-Text
Keywords: backfat; KNP; pig; RNA-seq; transcriptome backfat; KNP; pig; RNA-seq; transcriptome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Seo, Y.-J.; Lim, B.; Kim, D.-Y.; Lim, K.-S.; Kim, J.-M. Regulation of Swine Growth by Backfat Tissue during Growing and Finishing Stages. Animals 2021, 11, 3511. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11123511

AMA Style

Seo Y-J, Lim B, Kim D-Y, Lim K-S, Kim J-M. Regulation of Swine Growth by Backfat Tissue during Growing and Finishing Stages. Animals. 2021; 11(12):3511. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11123511

Chicago/Turabian Style

Seo, Young-Jun, Byeonghwi Lim, Do-Young Kim, Kyu-Sang Lim, and Jun-Mo Kim. 2021. "Regulation of Swine Growth by Backfat Tissue during Growing and Finishing Stages" Animals 11, no. 12: 3511. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11123511

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