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Article

Long-Term Feeding of Dairy Goats with Broccoli By-Product and Artichoke Plant Silages: Milk Yield, Quality and Composition

1
Departamento de Tecnología Agroalimentaria, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Orihuela (EPSO), Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche, 03312 Orihuela, Spain
2
Dipartimento di Agraria, Università Degli Studi di Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(9), 1670; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10091670
Received: 23 July 2020 / Revised: 22 August 2020 / Accepted: 14 September 2020 / Published: 16 September 2020
In the Mediterranean region, artichoke and broccoli are major crops with a high number of by-products that can be used as alternative feedstuffs for ruminants, lowering feed costs and enhancing milk sustainability while reducing the environmental impact of dairy production. However, the nutritional quality of milk needs to be assured under these production conditions. A 40% inclusion of these silage by-products has proven to be a good short-term option (1 month). Therefore, it is interesting to study the effect of feeding animals with these by-products for a longer time, such as full lactation (6 months). With this type of feeding, the performance of the animals fed with the artichoke plant silage was similar to that of those fed with a conventional diet (alfalfa and cereals), even improving the milk quality from the point of view of bioactive compounds. However, the performance of goats fed with broccoli by-product silage in high amounts worsened due to a low intake of the diet containing that by-product. Therefore, it is desirable to reduce its level of inclusion.
The aim of this experiment was to study the effects of a 40% inclusion of broccoli by-product (BB) and artichoke plant (AP) silages in dairy goat diets on the milk yield, composition and animal health status during a full lactation. Feed consumption was lower in AP and BB animals due to their composition and higher moisture content, and BB animals showed a significant reduction in body weight. Milk from the BB treatment had the highest fat content, total solids and useful dry matter content (5.02, 13.9 and 8.39%, respectively). The Se level was slightly lower in AP and BB animals; however, the milk of these treatments was the lowest in Na and, in the case of BB animals, the richest in Ca (1267 mg/kg). Control and AP milk showed a similar fatty acid profile, although AP had a more beneficial aptitude for human health (lower ratio of n6/n3, 12.5). Plasma components, as metabolic parameters, were adequate for goats. It was concluded that a 40% inclusion of AP is an adequate solution to reduce the cost of feeding without harming the animals’ health or performance and to improve the nutritional milk quality. It is necessary to lower the BB level of inclusion to increase feed consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; alternative feedstuffs; milk yield; fatty acid profile circular economy; alternative feedstuffs; milk yield; fatty acid profile
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MDPI and ACS Style

Monllor, P.; Muelas, R.; Roca, A.; Atzori, A.S.; Díaz, J.R.; Sendra, E.; Romero, G. Long-Term Feeding of Dairy Goats with Broccoli By-Product and Artichoke Plant Silages: Milk Yield, Quality and Composition. Animals 2020, 10, 1670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10091670

AMA Style

Monllor P, Muelas R, Roca A, Atzori AS, Díaz JR, Sendra E, Romero G. Long-Term Feeding of Dairy Goats with Broccoli By-Product and Artichoke Plant Silages: Milk Yield, Quality and Composition. Animals. 2020; 10(9):1670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10091670

Chicago/Turabian Style

Monllor, Paula, Raquel Muelas, Amparo Roca, Alberto S. Atzori, José R. Díaz, Esther Sendra, and Gema Romero. 2020. "Long-Term Feeding of Dairy Goats with Broccoli By-Product and Artichoke Plant Silages: Milk Yield, Quality and Composition" Animals 10, no. 9: 1670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10091670

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