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From Land to Water: Taking Fish Welfare Seriously

Department of Research, Mercy for Animals, Los Angeles, CA 90046, USA
Department of Environmental Studies, New York University, New York City, NY 10003, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(9), 1585;
Received: 21 July 2020 / Revised: 20 August 2020 / Accepted: 30 August 2020 / Published: 5 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Welfare)
Our knowledge of fish welfare is still scant relative to the enormous demands created by aquaculture expansion and focuses primarily on preventing poor health without considering provision of environments conducive to positive experiences. We are far from understanding what individuals of the different species classified under the umbrella term “fish” need to experience good lives. The aquaculture industry has been expanding swiftly, and fishes belonging to hundreds of very different species are now farmed by the billions. Informed by terrestrial animal welfare science, this article aims to set a framework for making progress in investigating how to provide farmed fish with good welfare.
This article aims to use contemporary (terrestrial) animal welfare science as a lens to evaluate the state of knowledge concerning welfare in fish species, focusing on farmed fishes. We take advantage of the vast expertise—including previous pitfalls and accomplishments—in the investigation of welfare in terrestrial vertebrates, borrowing questions and methodologies from terrestrial animal welfare science in order to (1) better understand the challenges and opportunities in the study of welfare in fish species, and (2) propose strategies for filling knowledge gaps. View Full-Text
Keywords: fish welfare; positive welfare; aquaculture; animal welfare fish welfare; positive welfare; aquaculture; animal welfare
MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-Suárez, W.; Franks, B.; Torgerson-White, L. From Land to Water: Taking Fish Welfare Seriously. Animals 2020, 10, 1585.

AMA Style

Sánchez-Suárez W, Franks B, Torgerson-White L. From Land to Water: Taking Fish Welfare Seriously. Animals. 2020; 10(9):1585.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez-Suárez, Walter, Becca Franks, and Lauri Torgerson-White. 2020. "From Land to Water: Taking Fish Welfare Seriously" Animals 10, no. 9: 1585.

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