Effect of Sex and Age on Nutritional Content in Wild Axis Deer (Axis axis Erx.) Meat
Department of Animal Science and Technology, University of Zagreb Faculty of Agriculture, Svetošimunska Cesta 25, 10002 Zagreb, Croatia
Institute of Forest Protection and Wildlife Management, University of Zagreb Faculty of Forestry, Svetošimunska Cesta 25, 10002 Zagreb, Croatia
Institute of Forest Ecology and Silviculture, University of Zagreb Faculty of Forestry, Svetošimunska Cesta 25, 10002 Zagreb, Croatia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2020 / Revised: 25 August 2020 / Accepted: 30 August 2020 / Published: 2 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Wildlife
Game meat is perceived as more nutritious than meat originating from domestic farm-ranged animal species. However, meat composition is affected by numerous factors, and differences between game species can be found. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of sex and age on the content of macro- and micro-nutrients in meat from axis deer. Sixteen animals were hunt-harvested and assigned to groups according to sex and age. Samples of m. longissumus thoracis were examined to determine proximate chemical, fatty acid, amino acid and mineral composition. Minor differences were found in the analysed traits between sex and age groups. Regardless of sex and age, axis deer meat is characterised as having a high protein and low-fat content, favourable fatty acid composition and ratios. It is a good source of essential amino acids and micro-minerals. As data regarding axis deer meat are limited, the results of this study are a valuable contribution to describing the quality and nutritional composition of meat of different deer species. Axis deer meat can be recommended as a healthier substitute to red meat.