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Article

MiR-143 Regulates Milk Fat Synthesis by Targeting Smad3 in Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cells

College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Xianyang 712100 Shaanxi, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(9), 1453; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10091453
Received: 22 July 2020 / Revised: 9 August 2020 / Accepted: 15 August 2020 / Published: 19 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dairy Management on Milk Quality Characteristics)
The fat content of milk is the main determinant of its nutritional value, and therefore the study of milk fat synthesis has often received a special focus in research. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNA sequences which have a crucial function in the synthesis of milk fat. miR-143 is one of the miRNAs closely related to lipid metabolism. In this study, the results showed that miR-143 significantly promoted lipid droplet formation and increased the level of intracellular triglyceride (TAG) via increasing the lipid synthesis related genes such as PPARγ, FASN, SCD1, CEBPβ, and SREBP1 by targeting Smad3. Herein, we constructed a miR-143-Smad3 regulatory network map, which revealed the interactions between miR-143 and Smad3 in milk fat synthesis. These findings provide an insight into understanding the theoretical basis of the genes and can thus be applied in the molecular breeding of dairy cows.
Milk fat is the main nutritional component of milk and is also an important indicator for evaluating milk quality. Substantial evidence has implicated miRNAs in the synthesis of milk fat. miR-143 is one of the miRNAs closely related to lipid metabolism. Herein, miR-143 upregulation remarkably promoted the production of lipid droplets and increased the level of intracellular triglyceride (TAG). Meanwhile, miR-143 suppression overtly repressed TAG synthesis and lipid droplet accumulation in bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs). At the same time, miR-143 significantly upregulated the genes associated with lipid synthesis, including PPARγ, SCD1, CEBPβ, and SREBP1. To examine the regulatory mechanism of miR-143 in milk fat synthesis, Smad3 was predicted as a new potential miR-143 target gene by TargetScan. Further studies found that miR-143 expression was inversely related to the levels of Smad3 mRNA and protein. Furthermore, luciferase reporter assays confirmed Smad3 to be a miR-143 direct target. Moreover, Smad3 gene silencing significantly increased intracellular TAG level in BMECs. These findings revealed that miR-143 promotes the TAG synthesis in BMECs via increasing the lipid synthesis related gens expression by targeting Smad3. The results of this study can be exploited in devising novel approaches for improving the nutritional value of milk in dairy cows. View Full-Text
Keywords: mammary epithelial cells; miR-143; triglyceride; Smad3 mammary epithelial cells; miR-143; triglyceride; Smad3
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, L.; Wu, Z.-Q.; Wang, Y.-J.; Wang, M.; Yang, W.-C. MiR-143 Regulates Milk Fat Synthesis by Targeting Smad3 in Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cells. Animals 2020, 10, 1453. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10091453

AMA Style

Zhang L, Wu Z-Q, Wang Y-J, Wang M, Yang W-C. MiR-143 Regulates Milk Fat Synthesis by Targeting Smad3 in Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cells. Animals. 2020; 10(9):1453. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10091453

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Li, Zhang-Qing Wu, Yu-Juan Wang, Meng Wang, and Wu-Cai Yang. 2020. "MiR-143 Regulates Milk Fat Synthesis by Targeting Smad3 in Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cells" Animals 10, no. 9: 1453. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10091453

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