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Article

Comparison of the Vertical Force Distribution in the Paws of Dogs with Coxarthrosis and Sound Dogs Walking over a Pressure Plate

1
Department of Companion Animals and Horses, Small Animal Surgery, Section of Physical Therapy, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, 1210 Vienna, Austria
2
Bioinformatics and Biostatistics platform, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, 1210 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(6), 986; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10060986
Received: 7 May 2020 / Revised: 4 June 2020 / Accepted: 4 June 2020 / Published: 5 June 2020
The study of biomechanics for dogs with coxarthrosis is an important tool for diagnosis and treatment evaluation. Seeking a better view of the load distribution during the gait in dogs with coxarthrosis, we used a pressure plate to measure the vertical forces in the paws. The results suggested that walking dogs with coxarthrosis redistributed the load mainly to the caudal quadrants of the paws of the unaffected limbs. The performed methodology is another new possibility for the evaluation and clarification of biomechanical events in the course of coxarthrosis.
In the present study, we used a pressure plate to investigate the ground reaction forces of limbs and the vertical force distribution (VFD) within the paws of dogs with coxarthrosis. We included 23 sound dogs (GSou) and 23 dogs with hip osteoarthrosis (GCox). The dogs walked over a pressure plate and the peak vertical force (PFz), vertical impulse (IFz) as the percentage of the total force, and time of occurrence of PFz as a percent of the stance phase duration (TPFz%) were evaluated, as well for the entire limb as in the paws (where the paws were divided into four quadrants). The GCox presented a lower PFz% in the lame hind limb than in others and transferred the weight to the caudal quadrants of the front limbs. IFz% was lower in the lame limb and was counterbalanced through higher loading of the caudal quadrants in all unaffected limbs. TPFz% was reached later in the lame limb than in the contralateral limb and the GSou, specifically in the caudomedial quadrant. In conclusion, we found complex compensatory effects of lameness in the hind limb, and this methodology was useful to define the VFD within the paws of dogs. View Full-Text
Keywords: coxarthrosis; dogs; gait analysis; paw; pressure plate; vertical force distribution coxarthrosis; dogs; gait analysis; paw; pressure plate; vertical force distribution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moreira, J.P.L.; Tichy, A.; Bockstahler, B. Comparison of the Vertical Force Distribution in the Paws of Dogs with Coxarthrosis and Sound Dogs Walking over a Pressure Plate. Animals 2020, 10, 986. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10060986

AMA Style

Moreira JPL, Tichy A, Bockstahler B. Comparison of the Vertical Force Distribution in the Paws of Dogs with Coxarthrosis and Sound Dogs Walking over a Pressure Plate. Animals. 2020; 10(6):986. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10060986

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moreira, Jane P.L.; Tichy, Alexander; Bockstahler, Barbara. 2020. "Comparison of the Vertical Force Distribution in the Paws of Dogs with Coxarthrosis and Sound Dogs Walking over a Pressure Plate" Animals 10, no. 6: 986. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10060986

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