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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Dietary Microalgae on Growth Performance, Profiles of Amino and Fatty Acids, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, Box 400, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21526, Egypt
3
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Benha 13518, Egypt
4
Department of Nutrition and Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Moshtohor, Qalioubia, Benha 13518, Egypt
5
Department of Physiology, National Organization for Drug Control and Research, Giza 12622, Egypt
6
Department of Food Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Benha 13518, Egypt
7
Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Benha University, Moshtohor, Qalioubia, Benha 13518, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(5), 761; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050761
Received: 20 March 2020 / Revised: 18 April 2020 / Accepted: 20 April 2020 / Published: 27 April 2020
The use of feed additives with no side effectsfor enhancing growth performance and improving meat quality in broilers chickens is an essential research topic. In these regards, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of three species of microalgae namely Chlorella vulgaris (CV), Spirulina platensis (SP) and Amphora coffeaformis (AC) on growth performance, profiles of fatty and amino acids, antioxidant status and meat quality of breast muscles. The results demonstrated that the inclusion of studied microalgae notably AC has a positive effect on performance, antioxidant status and meat quality of breast muscle in broiler chickens.
The study used 96 broiler chickens to evaluate the impact of three species of microalgae on performance, profiles of fatty and amino acids, antioxidants, and meat quality of breast muscles. Birds were divided into four groups (24 birds/each) with 4 replicates (6 birds each). Birds in the first group were fed basal diet and served as a control (C). Birds of 2–4 groups were fed basal diet mixed with same dose (1 g/kg diet) of Chlorella vulgaris (CV), Spirulina platensis (SP), and Amphora coffeaformis (AC). At the age of 36 days, performance parameters were reported, and breast muscle samples were collected and stored frozen at −80 °C. AC shared CV in the superiority of increasing final body weight and body weight gain compared to SP and control. AC shared SP in the superiority of increasing the level of essential fatty and amino acids and decreasing the microbial growth in breast muscle compared to CV and control. All studied microalgae reduced malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl (PC) levels, cooking loss, and aerobic plate count (APC) and increased the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in breast muscle compared to control. The current study indicated that studied microalgae, notably AC, can be used to enhance performance and meat quality in broilers chickens. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chlorella vulgaris; Spirulina platensis; Amphora coffeaformis; meat quality; biomarkers Chlorella vulgaris; Spirulina platensis; Amphora coffeaformis; meat quality; biomarkers
MDPI and ACS Style

El-Bahr, S.; Shousha, S.; Shehab, A.; Khattab, W.; Ahmed-Farid, O.; Sabike, I.; El-Garhy, O.; Albokhadaim, I.; Albosadah, K. Effect of Dietary Microalgae on Growth Performance, Profiles of Amino and Fatty Acids, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens. Animals 2020, 10, 761. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050761

AMA Style

El-Bahr S, Shousha S, Shehab A, Khattab W, Ahmed-Farid O, Sabike I, El-Garhy O, Albokhadaim I, Albosadah K. Effect of Dietary Microalgae on Growth Performance, Profiles of Amino and Fatty Acids, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens. Animals. 2020; 10(5):761. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050761

Chicago/Turabian Style

El-Bahr, Sabry; Shousha, Saad; Shehab, Ahmed; Khattab, Wassem; Ahmed-Farid, Omar; Sabike, Islam; El-Garhy, Osama; Albokhadaim, Ibrahim; Albosadah, Khaled. 2020. "Effect of Dietary Microalgae on Growth Performance, Profiles of Amino and Fatty Acids, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens" Animals 10, no. 5: 761. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050761

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