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Review

Impact of Nutrients on the Hoof Health in Cattle

1
Department of Animal Morphology, Physiology and Genetics, Faculty of AgriSciences, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Department of Animal Protection and Welfare and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho trida 1, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(10), 1824; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101824
Received: 31 August 2020 / Revised: 1 October 2020 / Accepted: 3 October 2020 / Published: 7 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Feeding Cattle for Health Improvement)
Nutrition is a significant factor in healthy hoof horn growth. Some minerals, amino acids, and vitamins are involved in the keratinization process, which ensures healthy horn growth and the structural binding of keratin proteins. Laminitis is one of the most important diseases of cattle hooves. Hemorrhage and foot ulcers are considered symptoms of subclinical laminitis. Excess protein in the feed ration can be problematic due to encouraging faster horn growth. The amino acids cysteine and methionine are essential in promoting the structural and functional integrity of the hoof. Currently, various studies focus on the limb health of cattle to obtain information for the prevention or acceleration of the healing of various hoof lesions based on nutritional supplements. Mineral and vitamin (especially biotin) supplementation is associated with a reduction in the incidence of lameness in dairy cows.
Lameness is currently one of the most important and economically demanding diseases in cattle. It is manifested in a change in locomotion that is associated with lesions, especially the pelvic limbs. The disease of the hoof is painful, affecting the welfare of dairy cows. Important factors that influence the health of the limbs include nutrition, animal hygiene, stable technology, and genetic and breeding predispositions. Nutrition is one of the basic preventive factors affecting the quality and growth of the hoof horn, and the associated prevalence of hoof disease. The strength and structure of the hoof horn are affected by the composition of the feed ration (amino acids, minerals, vitamins, and toxic substances contaminating the feed ration, or arising in the feed ration as metabolites of fungi). View Full-Text
Keywords: dairy cows; lameness; nutrition; vitamins; biotin; minerals; zinc; laminitis dairy cows; lameness; nutrition; vitamins; biotin; minerals; zinc; laminitis
MDPI and ACS Style

Langova, L.; Novotna, I.; Nemcova, P.; Machacek, M.; Havlicek, Z.; Zemanova, M.; Chrast, V. Impact of Nutrients on the Hoof Health in Cattle. Animals 2020, 10, 1824. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101824

AMA Style

Langova L, Novotna I, Nemcova P, Machacek M, Havlicek Z, Zemanova M, Chrast V. Impact of Nutrients on the Hoof Health in Cattle. Animals. 2020; 10(10):1824. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101824

Chicago/Turabian Style

Langova, Lucie, Ivana Novotna, Petra Nemcova, Miroslav Machacek, Zdenek Havlicek, Monika Zemanova, and Vladimir Chrast. 2020. "Impact of Nutrients on the Hoof Health in Cattle" Animals 10, no. 10: 1824. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101824

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