Impact of Nutrients on the Hoof Health in Cattle
Department of Animal Morphology, Physiology and Genetics, Faculty of AgriSciences, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Department of Animal Protection and Welfare and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho trida 1, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2020
Revised: 1 October 2020
Accepted: 3 October 2020
Published: 7 October 2020
Nutrition is a significant factor in healthy hoof horn growth. Some minerals, amino acids, and vitamins are involved in the keratinization process, which ensures healthy horn growth and the structural binding of keratin proteins. Laminitis is one of the most important diseases of cattle hooves. Hemorrhage and foot ulcers are considered symptoms of subclinical laminitis. Excess protein in the feed ration can be problematic due to encouraging faster horn growth. The amino acids cysteine and methionine are essential in promoting the structural and functional integrity of the hoof. Currently, various studies focus on the limb health of cattle to obtain information for the prevention or acceleration of the healing of various hoof lesions based on nutritional supplements. Mineral and vitamin (especially biotin) supplementation is associated with a reduction in the incidence of lameness in dairy cows.