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Review

Microorganisms Associated with Mosquito Oviposition Sites: Implications for Habitat Selection and Insect Life Histories

1
Univ Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS, INRAE, VetAgro Sup, UMR Ecologie Microbienne, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
2
Entente Interdépartementale Rhône-Alpes pour la Démoustication, F-73310 Chindrieux, France
3
Univ. Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Laboratoire de Biométrie et de Biologie Evolutive, UMR CNRS 5558, VetAgro Sup, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pat Nuttall
Microorganisms 2021, 9(8), 1589; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081589
Received: 17 June 2021 / Revised: 8 July 2021 / Accepted: 21 July 2021 / Published: 26 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbiota in Insects)
Mosquitoes are considered one of the most important threats worldwide due to their ability to vector pathogens. They are responsible for the transmission of major pathogens such as malaria, dengue, zika, or chikungunya. Due to the lack of treatments or prophylaxis against many of the transmitted pathogens and an increasing prevalence of mosquito resistance to insecticides and drugs available, alternative strategies are now being explored. Some of these involve the use of microorganisms as promising agent to limit the fitness of mosquitoes, attract or repel them, and decrease the replication and transmission of pathogenic agents. In recent years, the importance of microorganisms colonizing the habitat of mosquitoes has particularly been investigated since they appeared to play major roles in their development and diseases transmission. In this issue, we will synthesize researches investigating how microorganisms present within water habitats may influence breeding site selection and oviposition strategies of gravid mosquito females. We will also highlight the impact of such microbes on the fate of females’ progeny during their immature stages with a specific focus on egg hatching, development rate, and larvae or pupae survival. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbiota; microbiome; mosquitoes; behavior; oviposition; larval habitat; life history traits; nutrition; development; survival microbiota; microbiome; mosquitoes; behavior; oviposition; larval habitat; life history traits; nutrition; development; survival
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MDPI and ACS Style

Girard, M.; Martin, E.; Vallon, L.; Raquin, V.; Bellet, C.; Rozier, Y.; Desouhant, E.; Hay, A.-E.; Luis, P.; Valiente Moro, C.; Minard, G. Microorganisms Associated with Mosquito Oviposition Sites: Implications for Habitat Selection and Insect Life Histories. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 1589. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081589

AMA Style

Girard M, Martin E, Vallon L, Raquin V, Bellet C, Rozier Y, Desouhant E, Hay A-E, Luis P, Valiente Moro C, Minard G. Microorganisms Associated with Mosquito Oviposition Sites: Implications for Habitat Selection and Insect Life Histories. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(8):1589. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081589

Chicago/Turabian Style

Girard, Maxime, Edwige Martin, Laurent Vallon, Vincent Raquin, Christophe Bellet, Yves Rozier, Emmanuel Desouhant, Anne-Emmanuelle Hay, Patricia Luis, Claire Valiente Moro, and Guillaume Minard. 2021. "Microorganisms Associated with Mosquito Oviposition Sites: Implications for Habitat Selection and Insect Life Histories" Microorganisms 9, no. 8: 1589. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081589

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