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Improvement of Soil Microbial Diversity through Sustainable Agricultural Practices and Its Evaluation by -Omics Approaches: A Perspective for the Environment, Food Quality and Human Safety

1
Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, Università di Parma, Parco Area delle Science 11/a, 43124 Parma, Italy
2
Department of Sustainable Crop Production, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via E. Parmense 84, 29122 Piacenza, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Maria Maddalena Del Gallo and Annamaria Bevivino
Microorganisms 2021, 9(7), 1400; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9071400
Received: 21 May 2021 / Revised: 24 June 2021 / Accepted: 25 June 2021 / Published: 28 June 2021
Soil is one of the key elements for supporting life on Earth. It delivers multiple ecosystem services, which are provided by soil processes and functions performed by soil biodiversity. In particular, soil microbiome is one of the fundamental components in the sustainment of plant biomass production and plant health. Both targeted and untargeted management of soil microbial communities appear to be promising in the sustainable improvement of food crop yield, its nutritional quality and safety. –Omics approaches, which allow the assessment of microbial phylogenetic diversity and functional information, have increasingly been used in recent years to study changes in soil microbial diversity caused by agronomic practices and environmental factors. The application of these high-throughput technologies to the study of soil microbial diversity, plant health and the quality of derived raw materials will help strengthen the link between soil well-being, food quality, food safety and human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil microbiome; functional microbial diversity; ecosystem services; sustainability; soil health; food safety soil microbiome; functional microbial diversity; ecosystem services; sustainability; soil health; food safety
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bertola, M.; Ferrarini, A.; Visioli, G. Improvement of Soil Microbial Diversity through Sustainable Agricultural Practices and Its Evaluation by -Omics Approaches: A Perspective for the Environment, Food Quality and Human Safety. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 1400. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9071400

AMA Style

Bertola M, Ferrarini A, Visioli G. Improvement of Soil Microbial Diversity through Sustainable Agricultural Practices and Its Evaluation by -Omics Approaches: A Perspective for the Environment, Food Quality and Human Safety. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(7):1400. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9071400

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bertola, Marta, Andrea Ferrarini, and Giovanna Visioli. 2021. "Improvement of Soil Microbial Diversity through Sustainable Agricultural Practices and Its Evaluation by -Omics Approaches: A Perspective for the Environment, Food Quality and Human Safety" Microorganisms 9, no. 7: 1400. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9071400

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