Next Article in Journal
Prevalence of ESβL, AmpC and Colistin-Resistant E. coli in Meat: A Comparison between Pork and Wild Boar
Previous Article in Journal
Detection of Infectious Cryptosporidium parvum Oocysts from Lamb’s Lettuce: CC–qPCR’s Intake
Open AccessArticle

Mycotoxins, Pesticide Residues, and Heavy Metals Analysis of Croatian Cereals

1
Inspecto Ltd., Industrijska Zona Nemetin, Vukovarska Cesta 239b, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
2
Faculty of Food Technology, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Franje Kuhača 20, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
3
Department of Agrobiotechnology (IFA-Tulln), Institute of Bioanalytics and Agro-Metabolomics, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU), Konrad Lorenzstr. 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
4
Department of Food Technology, University North, Trg dr. Žarka Dolinara 1, 48000 Koprivnica, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2021, 9(2), 216; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9020216
Received: 5 December 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2021 / Published: 21 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Microbiology)
Cereals are still one of the most important food and feed sources, thus determining cereal’s safety, i.e., compliance with legislation, is extremely important. As systematic investigations of nowadays unavoidable secondary fungal metabolites and other common legally regulated contaminants occurrence in Croatian cereals are still lacking, this research aims to monitor the contamination levels of nation-wide crops by mycotoxins, pesticide residues, and heavy metals by employing UHPLC-MS/MS, GC-MS/MS, and atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS) validated analytical methods. The most common secondary fungal metabolites were found to be Fusarium mycotoxins, with DON being the most occurring present in 73.7% of the samples. At least one pesticide residue was found in 331.8% of the samples, and Hg and Cd were the most occurring heavy metals. A total of 8.5% of the samples was non-compliant to the European Union (EU) legislation for food regarding the found mycotoxins concentrations, 4.5% regarding pesticide residues and none regarding heavy metals. The unusual presence of certain pesticide residue and heavy metal indicates the importance of systematic control of the contaminant presence, in order to gather enough occurrence data for proper risk assessment that these contaminants represent for the consumer’s health. View Full-Text
Keywords: mycotoxins; pesticide residues; heavy metals; occurrence data; food and feed safety mycotoxins; pesticide residues; heavy metals; occurrence data; food and feed safety
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kovač, M.; Bulaić, M.; Jakovljević, J.; Nevistić, A.; Rot, T.; Kovač, T.; Dodlek Šarkanj, I.; Šarkanj, B. Mycotoxins, Pesticide Residues, and Heavy Metals Analysis of Croatian Cereals. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 216. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9020216

AMA Style

Kovač M, Bulaić M, Jakovljević J, Nevistić A, Rot T, Kovač T, Dodlek Šarkanj I, Šarkanj B. Mycotoxins, Pesticide Residues, and Heavy Metals Analysis of Croatian Cereals. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(2):216. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9020216

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kovač, Marija; Bulaić, Mateja; Jakovljević, Jasna; Nevistić, Ante; Rot, Tomislav; Kovač, Tihomir; Dodlek Šarkanj, Ivana; Šarkanj, Bojan. 2021. "Mycotoxins, Pesticide Residues, and Heavy Metals Analysis of Croatian Cereals" Microorganisms 9, no. 2: 216. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9020216

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop