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Mycobacterium bovis: From Genotyping to Genome Sequencing

1
Laboratory of Applied Research in Mycobacteria, Department of Microbiology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 01246-904, Brazil
2
Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 01246-904, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2020, 8(5), 667; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8050667
Received: 6 February 2020 / Revised: 17 April 2020 / Accepted: 21 April 2020 / Published: 3 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Medical Microbiology)
Mycobacterium bovis is the main pathogen of bovine, zoonotic, and wildlife tuberculosis. Despite the existence of programs for bovine tuberculosis (bTB) control in many regions, the disease remains a challenge for the veterinary and public health sectors, especially in developing countries and in high-income nations with wildlife reservoirs. Current bTB control programs are mostly based on test-and-slaughter, movement restrictions, and post-mortem inspection measures. In certain settings, contact tracing and surveillance has benefited from M. bovis genotyping techniques. More recently, whole-genome sequencing (WGS) has become the preferential technique to inform outbreak response through contact tracing and source identification for many infectious diseases. As the cost per genome decreases, the application of WGS to bTB control programs is inevitable moving forward. However, there are technical challenges in data analyses and interpretation that hinder the implementation of M. bovis WGS as a molecular epidemiology tool. Therefore, the aim of this review is to describe M. bovis genotyping techniques and discuss current standards and challenges of the use of M. bovis WGS for transmission investigation, surveillance, and global lineages distribution. We compiled a series of associated research gaps to be explored with the ultimate goal of implementing M. bovis WGS in a standardized manner in bTB control programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: bovine tuberculosis; Mycobacterium bovis; genomics; WGS; genotyping bovine tuberculosis; Mycobacterium bovis; genomics; WGS; genotyping
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guimaraes, A.M.S.; Zimpel, C.K. Mycobacterium bovis: From Genotyping to Genome Sequencing. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 667. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8050667

AMA Style

Guimaraes AMS, Zimpel CK. Mycobacterium bovis: From Genotyping to Genome Sequencing. Microorganisms. 2020; 8(5):667. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8050667

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guimaraes, Ana M.S.; Zimpel, Cristina K. 2020. "Mycobacterium bovis: From Genotyping to Genome Sequencing" Microorganisms 8, no. 5: 667. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8050667

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