Next Article in Journal
Selection of Wild Lactic Acid Bacteria Strains as Promoters of Postbiotics in Gluten-Free Sourdoughs
Previous Article in Journal
Coral Productivity Is Co-Limited by Bicarbonate and Ammonium Availability
Article

Detection of Two Species of the Genus Parapoxvirus (Bovine Papular Stomatitis Virus and Pseudocowpox Virus) in Ticks Infesting Cattle in Burkina Faso

1
Laboratory of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Center for Fundamental and Applied Research for Animal and Health (FARAH), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, ULiège, 4000 Liège, Belgium
2
Unité Maladies à Vecteur et Biodiversité (UMaVeB), Centre International de Recherche-Développement sur l’Élevage en zone Subhumide (CIRDES), Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso
3
Unité des Virus Émergents (UVE: Aix Marseille Univ, IRD 190, INSERM U1207, IHU Méditerranée Infection), 13005 Marseille, France
4
Research Unit in Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Applied to Veterinary Sciences (UREAR-ULiège), Center for Fundamental and Applied Research for Animal and Health (FARAH), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, ULiège, 4000 Liège, Belgium
5
Université de Corse Pascal Paoli, Laboratory of Virology, UR7310 BIOSCOPE, 20250 Corte, France
6
Laboratoire de Santé Animale Tropicale, Institut du Développement Rural, Université Nazi BONI, Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2020, 8(5), 644; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8050644
Received: 11 March 2020 / Revised: 17 April 2020 / Accepted: 20 April 2020 / Published: 28 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Public Health Microbiology)
The molecular identification of arboviruses in West Africa is of particular interest, due to their zoonotic potential in a population living in close contact with livestock, and in a region where the livestock migration across borders raises the risk of diseases infection and dissemination. The aim of the study was the screening of potential circulating arboviruses and the assessment of their zoonotic implications. Therefore, ticks were collected on cattle located in three provinces of eastern Burkina Faso. Tick pools were tested using a panel of genus-specific real-time assays targeting conserved regions of parapoxvirus, orthopoxvirus, flavivirus and phlebovirus. On the 26 farms visited, a total of 663 ticks were collected. Four genera and six tick species were morphologically identified, with Amblyomma variegatum and Hyalomma spp. being the most represented species. No arboviruses were found. However, this study highlights the presence of pseudocowpox virus (8.2%) and bovine papular stomatitis virus (5.8%) among the positive tick pools. BPSV positive ticks were found in herds sharing water and pastures resources and with a history of seasonal transhumance. Therefore, common grazing and the seasonal transhumance are likely to support the transmission of the virus. This could have important health and economic impacts, especially regarding transboundary cattle movements. View Full-Text
Keywords: bovine papular stomatitis; pseudocowpox; virus; arbovirus; poxviridae; cattle ticks; West Africa; Burkina Faso bovine papular stomatitis; pseudocowpox; virus; arbovirus; poxviridae; cattle ticks; West Africa; Burkina Faso
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ouedraogo, A.; Luciani, L.; Zannou, O.; Biguezoton, A.; Pezzi, L.; Thirion, L.; Belem, A.; Saegerman, C.; Charrel, R.; Lempereur, L. Detection of Two Species of the Genus Parapoxvirus (Bovine Papular Stomatitis Virus and Pseudocowpox Virus) in Ticks Infesting Cattle in Burkina Faso. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 644. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8050644

AMA Style

Ouedraogo A, Luciani L, Zannou O, Biguezoton A, Pezzi L, Thirion L, Belem A, Saegerman C, Charrel R, Lempereur L. Detection of Two Species of the Genus Parapoxvirus (Bovine Papular Stomatitis Virus and Pseudocowpox Virus) in Ticks Infesting Cattle in Burkina Faso. Microorganisms. 2020; 8(5):644. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8050644

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ouedraogo, Achille; Luciani, Léa; Zannou, Olivier; Biguezoton, Abel; Pezzi, Laura; Thirion, Laurence; Belem, Adrien; Saegerman, Claude; Charrel, Rémi; Lempereur, Laetitia. 2020. "Detection of Two Species of the Genus Parapoxvirus (Bovine Papular Stomatitis Virus and Pseudocowpox Virus) in Ticks Infesting Cattle in Burkina Faso" Microorganisms 8, no. 5: 644. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8050644

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop