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Open AccessArticle

Genome Analyses and Genome-Centered Metatranscriptomics of Methanothermobacter wolfeii Strain SIV6, Isolated from a Thermophilic Production-Scale Biogas Fermenter

Center for Biotechnology (CeBiTec), Bielefeld University, Genome Research of Industrial Microorganisms, Universitätsstraße 27, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany
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Microorganisms 2020, 8(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8010013
Received: 21 October 2019 / Revised: 13 December 2019 / Accepted: 16 December 2019 / Published: 20 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Microbial Biotechnology)
In the thermophilic biogas-producing microbial community, the genus Methanothermobacter was previously described to be frequently abundant. The aim of this study was to establish and analyze the genome sequence of the archaeal strain Methanothermobacter wolfeii SIV6 originating from a thermophilic industrial-scale biogas fermenter and compare it to related reference genomes. The circular chromosome has a size of 1,686,891 bases, featuring a GC content of 48.89%. Comparative analyses considering three completely sequenced Methanothermobacter strains revealed a core genome of 1494 coding sequences and 16 strain specific genes for M. wolfeii SIV6, which include glycosyltransferases and CRISPR/cas associated genes. Moreover, M. wolfeii SIV6 harbors all genes for the hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis pathway and genome-centered metatranscriptomics indicates the high metabolic activity of this strain, with 25.18% of all transcripts per million (TPM) belong to the hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis pathway and 18.02% of these TPM exclusively belonging to the mcr operon. This operon encodes the different subunits of the enzyme methyl-coenzyme M reductase (EC: 2.8.4.1), which catalyzes the final and rate-limiting step during methanogenesis. Finally, fragment recruitment of metagenomic reads from the thermophilic biogas fermenter on the SIV6 genome showed that the strain is abundant (1.2%) within the indigenous microbial community. Detailed analysis of the archaeal isolate M. wolfeii SIV6 indicates its role and function within the microbial community of the thermophilic biogas fermenter, towards a better understanding of the biogas production process and a microbial-based management of this complex process. View Full-Text
Keywords: Methanothermobacter wolfeii; thermophilic biogas fermenter; genome mining; comparative analyses; CRISPR/cas; metabolic pathway reconstruction; metagenomics; fragment recruitment; metatranscriptomics Methanothermobacter wolfeii; thermophilic biogas fermenter; genome mining; comparative analyses; CRISPR/cas; metabolic pathway reconstruction; metagenomics; fragment recruitment; metatranscriptomics
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Hassa, J.; Wibberg, D.; Maus, I.; Pühler, A.; Schlüter, A. Genome Analyses and Genome-Centered Metatranscriptomics of Methanothermobacter wolfeii Strain SIV6, Isolated from a Thermophilic Production-Scale Biogas Fermenter. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 13.

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