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Open AccessCase Report

A Bird’s-Eye View of Chronic Unilateral Conjunctivitis: Remember about Chlamydia psittaci

1
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Medical Microbiology, AZ Sint-Lucas Ghent, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
2
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Medical Microbiology, Ghent University Hospital, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
3
Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
4
Department of Ophthalmology, AZ Sint-Lucas Ghent, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
5
Department of Ophthalmology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally.
Microorganisms 2019, 7(5), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7050118
Received: 31 March 2019 / Revised: 17 April 2019 / Accepted: 26 April 2019 / Published: 30 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chlamydiae and Chlamydia like Bacteria)
Chlamydia psittaci causes psittacosis in humans, mainly in people in contact with birds in either the setting of occupational or companion bird exposure. Infection is associated with a range of clinical manifestations from asymptomatic infection to severe atypical pneumonia and systemic disease. C. psittaci has also been associated with ocular adnexal lymphoma in human patients. The current paper describes successful doxycycline treatment of a male patient suffering from C. psittaci chronic unilateral conjunctivitis, most probably linked to the visit of a South African wildlife reserve. Increased awareness among general and occupational physicians, ophthalmologists, clinicians, and the public on the potential of C. psittaci to cause ocular infection is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chlamydia; Chlamydia psittaci; ocular infection; One Health; zoonosis Chlamydia; Chlamydia psittaci; ocular infection; One Health; zoonosis
MDPI and ACS Style

Vandendriessche, S.; Rybarczyk, J.; Schauwvlieghe, P.-P.; Accou, G.; Van den Abeele, A.-M.; Vanrompay, D. A Bird’s-Eye View of Chronic Unilateral Conjunctivitis: Remember about Chlamydia psittaci. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 118.

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