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Exposure to Aspergillus in Home and Healthcare Facilities’ Water Environments: Focus on Biofilms

Mycology Reference Centre Manchester, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester M23 9LT, UK
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Microorganisms 2019, 7(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7010007
Received: 12 November 2018 / Revised: 20 December 2018 / Accepted: 28 December 2018 / Published: 5 January 2019
Aspergillus conida are ubiquitous in the environment, including freshwater, water for bathing, and in drinking water. Vulnerable patients and those suffering from allergic diseases are susceptible to aspergillosis. Avoidance of Aspergillus is of paramount importance. Potential outbreaks of aspergillosis in hospital facilities have been described where the water supply has been implicated. Little is known regarding the risk of exposure to Aspergillus in water. How does Aspergillus survive in water? This review explores the biofilm state of Aspergillus growth based on recent literature and suggests that biofilms are responsible for the persistence of Aspergillus in domestic and healthcare facilities’ water supplies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aspergillus species; Aspergillus fumigatus; drinking water; biofilms Aspergillus species; Aspergillus fumigatus; drinking water; biofilms
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MDPI and ACS Style

Richardson, M.; Rautemaa-Richardson, R. Exposure to Aspergillus in Home and Healthcare Facilities’ Water Environments: Focus on Biofilms. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7010007

AMA Style

Richardson M, Rautemaa-Richardson R. Exposure to Aspergillus in Home and Healthcare Facilities’ Water Environments: Focus on Biofilms. Microorganisms. 2019; 7(1):7. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7010007

Chicago/Turabian Style

Richardson, Malcolm, and Riina Rautemaa-Richardson. 2019. "Exposure to Aspergillus in Home and Healthcare Facilities’ Water Environments: Focus on Biofilms" Microorganisms 7, no. 1: 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7010007

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