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Microorganisms 2019, 7(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7010010

Salinity and Temperature Influence Growth and Pigment Production in the Marine-Derived Fungal Strain Talaromyces albobiverticillius 30548

1
Laboratoire de Chimie des Substances Naturelles et des Sciences des Aliments—LCSNSA EA 2212, Université de la Réunion, 15 Avenue René Cassin, CS 92003, F-97744 Saint-Denis CEDEX 9, Ile de la Réunion, France
2
Ecole Supérieure d’Ingénieurs Réunion Océan Indien—ESIROI Agroalimentaire, 2 Rue Joseph Wetzell, F-97490 Sainte-Clotilde, Ile de la Réunion, France
3
Institut des Sciences et Industries du Vivant et de L’Environnement du Centre Paris Claude Bernard, 16, rue Claude Bernard, F-75231 Paris CEDEX 05, France
4
Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante (IPSP-CNR/Dipartimento di Agraria, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, IT-80055 Portici (NA), Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 October 2018 / Revised: 26 December 2018 / Accepted: 4 January 2019 / Published: 8 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Microbial Biotechnology)
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Abstract

Marine-derived fungi that inhabit severe changing environments have gained increasing interest for their ability to produce structurally unique natural products. Fungi belonging to the Talaromyces and the close Penicillium genera are among the most promising microbes for bioactive compound production, including colored metabolites. Coupling pigment producing capability with bioactive effectiveness would be a valuable challenge in some specific fields such as dyeing, cosmeceutical, or food industries. In this sense, Talaromyces albobiverticillius 30548, a red pigment producing strain, has been isolated from the marine environment of Reunion Island, Indian Ocean. In this research, we analyzed the effect of temperatures (21–27 °C) and salinity levels (0–9%) on fungal growth and pigment production. Maximum pigment yield was obtained in non-salted media, when cultured at 27 °C after 10 days of submerged fermentation in PDB. However, maximum dry biomass production was achieved at stressed condition with 9% sea salts concentrated media at the same temperature. The results indicate that salinity of the culture media positively influences the growth of the biomass. Inversely, pigment production decreases with increase in salinity over 6%. Color coordinates of secreted pigments were expressed in CIELAB color system. The hue angles (h°) ranged from red to yellow colors. This indicated that the color distribution of fungal pigments depends on the salinity in the culture media. This study emphasizes the impact of abiotic stress (salt and temperature) on the growth and metabolome of marine-derived fungal strains. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea salts; Talaromyces albobiverticillius; Réunion Island; fungal pigments; biomass; color coordinates sea salts; Talaromyces albobiverticillius; Réunion Island; fungal pigments; biomass; color coordinates
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Venkatachalam, M.; Gérard, L.; Milhau, C.; Vinale, F.; Dufossé, L.; Fouillaud, M. Salinity and Temperature Influence Growth and Pigment Production in the Marine-Derived Fungal Strain Talaromyces albobiverticillius 30548. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 10.

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