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Microorganisms 2018, 6(3), 86; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms6030086

Characteristics of Gorilla-Specific Lactobacillus Isolated from Captive and Wild Gorillas

1
Academy of Emerging Sciences, Chubu University, 1200 Matsumoto-cho, Kasugai-shi, Aichi 487-8501, Japan
2
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, Shimogamo, Kyoto 606-8522, Japan
3
Central Diagnostic Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062 Kampala, Uganda
4
Novel Minds Science Plexus, P.O. Box 7062 Kampala, Uganda
5
Research Institute of Tropical Ecology, BP 13354 Libreville, Gabon
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2018 / Revised: 11 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 14 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wildlife Microbiology)
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Abstract

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) reside in a wide range of mammals, such as autochthonous intestinal bacteria. In this paper, we present the phenotypic and phylogenetic characteristics of gorilla-specific LAB. Lactobacillus gorillae—previously isolated from the wild and captive western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)—were successfully isolated from wild mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) in addition to other captive and wild western lowland gorillas. The strains from wild gorillas could ferment D-xylose, arbutine, cellobiose, and trehalose better than those from captive gorillas. By contrast, tolerance to NaCl was higher in isolates from captive gorillas than in those from wild gorillas. This tendency may have been induced by regular foods in zoos, which contain sufficient amount of salts but less amount of indigestible fiber and plant secondary metabolites compared to foods in the wild. All strains of L. gorillae showed inhibitory activities to enteric pathogenic bacteria; however, the activity was significantly higher for strains from wild gorillas than for those from captive gorillas. This may have been induced by the captive condition with routine veterinary intervention. Since L. gorillae can grow in the gastrointestinal tract of gorillas in captivity, the strains from wild mountain gorillas are potential probiotics for gorillas under captive conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lactobacillus gorillae; western lowland gorilla; mountain gorilla; phylogeny; phenotypic characteristic; antipathogenic infection Lactobacillus gorillae; western lowland gorilla; mountain gorilla; phylogeny; phenotypic characteristic; antipathogenic infection
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Tsuchida, S.; Kakooza, S.; Mbehang Nguema, P.P.; Wampande, E.M.; Ushida, K. Characteristics of Gorilla-Specific Lactobacillus Isolated from Captive and Wild Gorillas. Microorganisms 2018, 6, 86.

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