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Addendum: Ng, S.W. et al. Cellular Metabolic Profiling of CrFK Cells Infected with Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus Using Phenotype Microarrays. Pathogens 2020, 9, 412
Open AccessArticle

Disappearance of TBEV Circulation among Rodents in a Natural Focus in Alsace, Eastern France

1
Nancy Laboratory for Rabies and Wildlife, The French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES), CS 40009, 54220 Malzéville, France
2
Unité Mixte de Recherche Biologie Moléculaire et Immunologie Parasitaire (UMR BIPAR), ANSES, INRAE, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, Paris-Est Sud, 94700 Maisons-Alfort, France
3
Département en Maladies Infectieuses, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Strasbourg, 67000 Strasbourg, France
4
Unité de Recherche 7290, Virulence Bactérienne Précoce: Fonctions Cellulaires et Contrôles de L’infection Aiguë et Subaiguë, Université de Strasbourg, F-67000 Strasbourg, France
5
Laboratoire de Virologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Strasbourg, F-67091 Strasbourg, France
6
Unité Mixte de Recherché Immunorhumathologie Moléculaire (UMR IRM_S) 1109, Université de Strasbourg, INSERM, 67000 Strasbourg, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: AgResearch, Hopkirk Research Institute, Grasslands Research Centre, 4442 Palmerston North, New Zealand.
Pathogens 2020, 9(11), 930; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9110930
Received: 12 October 2020 / Revised: 2 November 2020 / Accepted: 7 November 2020 / Published: 10 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Pathogens)
Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) depends mainly on a fragile mode of transmission, the co-feeding between infected nymphs and larvae on rodents, and thus persists under a limited set of biotic and abiotic conditions. If these conditions change, natural TBEV foci might be unstable over time. We conducted a longitudinal study over seven years in a mountain forest in Alsace, Eastern France, located at the western border of known TBEV distribution. The objectives were (i) to monitor the persistence of TBEV circulation between small mammals and ticks and (ii) to discuss the presence of TBEV circulation in relation to the synchronous activity of larvae and nymphs, to the densities of questing nymphs and small mammals, and to potential changes in meteorological conditions and deer densities. Small mammals were trapped five times per year from 2012 to 2018 to collect blood samples and record the presence of feeding ticks, and were then released. Questing nymphs were collected twice a year. Overall, 1344 different small mammals (Myodes glareolus and Apodemus flavicollis) were captured and 2031 serum samples were tested for the presence of antibodies against TBEV using an in-house ELISA. Seropositive rodents (2.1%) were only found from 2012 to 2015, suggesting that the virus disappeared afterwards. In parallel, we observed unusual variations in inter-annual nymph abundance and intra-annual larval activity that could be related to exceptional meteorological conditions. Changes in the densities of questing nymphs and deer associated with the natural stochastic variations in the frequency of contacts between rodents and infected ticks may have contributed to the endemic fadeout of TBEV on the study site. Further studies are needed to assess whether such events occur relatively frequently in the area, which could explain the low human incidence of TBE in Alsace and even in other areas of France. View Full-Text
Keywords: tick-borne encephalitis virus; Ixodes ricinus; tick; small mammal; seroprevalence; endemic fadeout tick-borne encephalitis virus; Ixodes ricinus; tick; small mammal; seroprevalence; endemic fadeout
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bournez, L.; Umhang, G.; Moinet, M.; Boucher, J.-M.; Demerson, J.-M.; Caillot, C.; Legras, L.; Devillers, E.; Hansmann, Y.; Velay, A.; Richomme, C.; Moutailler, S.; Boué, F. Disappearance of TBEV Circulation among Rodents in a Natural Focus in Alsace, Eastern France. Pathogens 2020, 9, 930. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9110930

AMA Style

Bournez L, Umhang G, Moinet M, Boucher J-M, Demerson J-M, Caillot C, Legras L, Devillers E, Hansmann Y, Velay A, Richomme C, Moutailler S, Boué F. Disappearance of TBEV Circulation among Rodents in a Natural Focus in Alsace, Eastern France. Pathogens. 2020; 9(11):930. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9110930

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bournez, Laure; Umhang, Gerald; Moinet, Marie; Boucher, Jean-Marc; Demerson, Jean-Michel; Caillot, Christophe; Legras, Léo; Devillers, Elodie; Hansmann, Yves; Velay, Aurélie; Richomme, Céline; Moutailler, Sara; Boué, Franck. 2020. "Disappearance of TBEV Circulation among Rodents in a Natural Focus in Alsace, Eastern France" Pathogens 9, no. 11: 930. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9110930

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