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Taxonomy and Phylogenetic Research on Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex: A Complex Pathogen with Extraordinary Economic Consequences

Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
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Pathogens 2020, 9(11), 886; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9110886
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 15 October 2020 / Accepted: 15 October 2020 / Published: 25 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Pathogens)
The bacterial wilt pathogen, first known as Bacillus solanacearum, has undergone numerous taxonomic changes since its first description in 1896. The history and significance of this pathogen is covered in this review with an emphasis on the advances in technology that were used to support each reclassification that finally led to the current separation of Ralstonia solanacearum into three genomic species. Frequent name changes occurred as methodology transitioned from phenotypic, biochemical, and molecular studies, to genomics and functional genomics. The diversity, wide host range, and geographical distribution of the bacterial wilt pathogen resulted in its division into three species as genomic analyses elucidated phylogenetic relationships among strains. Current advances in phylogenetics and functional genomics now open new avenues for research into epidemiology and control of the devastating bacterial wilt disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ralstonia solanacearum species complex; taxonomy; phylogenomic; plant bacteria; tomato wilt; bacterial wilt; brown rot of potato; Granville Wilt of tobacco; moko disease of banana; Bugtok disease Ralstonia solanacearum species complex; taxonomy; phylogenomic; plant bacteria; tomato wilt; bacterial wilt; brown rot of potato; Granville Wilt of tobacco; moko disease of banana; Bugtok disease
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paudel, S.; Dobhal, S.; Alvarez, A.M.; Arif, M. Taxonomy and Phylogenetic Research on Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex: A Complex Pathogen with Extraordinary Economic Consequences. Pathogens 2020, 9, 886. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9110886

AMA Style

Paudel S, Dobhal S, Alvarez AM, Arif M. Taxonomy and Phylogenetic Research on Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex: A Complex Pathogen with Extraordinary Economic Consequences. Pathogens. 2020; 9(11):886. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9110886

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paudel, Sujan, Shefali Dobhal, Anne M. Alvarez, and Mohammad Arif. 2020. "Taxonomy and Phylogenetic Research on Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex: A Complex Pathogen with Extraordinary Economic Consequences" Pathogens 9, no. 11: 886. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9110886

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