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Pathogens 2018, 7(4), 80;

Challenge Studies to Determine the Ability of Foods to Support the Growth of Listeria monocytogenes

Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2018 / Revised: 1 October 2018 / Accepted: 2 October 2018 / Published: 5 October 2018
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Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that causes listeriosis, a relatively rare, but potentially fatal, disease, with a mortality rate of 20–30%. In general, European Regulations require the absence of L. monocytogenes in five samples of 25 g before the food has left the producer, but if the food has been demonstrated not to support the growth of L. monocytogenes, up to 100 cfu g−1 are allowed in the food (except for foods for infants or medical purposes) during its shelf-life under reasonably foreseeable storage conditions. It is important for food producers to determine if their food supports the growth of L. monocytogenes. The European Union Reference Laboratory for L. monocytogenes published a Technical Guidance document for conducting shelf-life studies on L. monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods in June 2014. Primarily based on the EURL guidance document for conducting challenge studies, the ability of cheese (feta and soft goat’s milk cheese), cold-smoked salmon, coleslaw, and pork pate to support the growth of L. monocytogenes was determined using a starting inoculum of approximately 100 cfu g−1. The cheese and pork pate were incubated at 8 °C for 14 days; the smoked salmon was incubated at 6 °C for 5 days and 8 °C for 9 days; and the coleslaw was incubated at 8 °C for 7 days and 12 °C for 14 days. The results showed that the smoked salmon and pork pate supported growth, while coleslaw and cheese did not. From this study, it is evident that there are factors in food other than pH, water activity, and total bacterial count (TBC) that can inhibit the ability of L. monocytogenes to grow in food. View Full-Text
Keywords: Listeria monocytogenes; growth; challenge study; food Listeria monocytogenes; growth; challenge study; food
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Hunt, K.; Blanc, M.; Álvarez-Ordóñez, A.; Jordan, K. Challenge Studies to Determine the Ability of Foods to Support the Growth of Listeria monocytogenes. Pathogens 2018, 7, 80.

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