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Pathogens 2014, 3(3), 499-509;

Molecular Identification of Isolated Fungi from Unopened Containers of Greek Yogurt by DNA Sequencing of Internal Transcribed Spacer Region

Southeast Regional Laboratory, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 60, Eighth Street NE, Atlanta, GA 30309, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 April 2014 / Revised: 11 June 2014 / Accepted: 19 June 2014 / Published: 25 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Foodborne Pathogens)
Full-Text   |   PDF [247 KB, uploaded 25 June 2014]


In our previous study, we described the development of an internal transcribed spacer (ITS)1 sequencing method, and used this protocol in species-identification of isolated fungi collected from the manufacturing areas of a compounding company known to have caused the multistate fungal meningitis outbreak in the United States. In this follow-up study, we have analyzed the unopened vials of Greek yogurt from the recalled batch to determine the possible cause of microbial contamination in the product. A total of 15 unopened vials of Greek yogurt belonging to the recalled batch were examined for the detection of fungi in these samples known to cause foodborne illness following conventional microbiological protocols. Fungi were isolated from all of the 15 Greek yogurt samples analyzed. The isolated fungi were genetically typed by DNA sequencing of PCR-amplified ITS1 region of rRNA gene. Analysis of data confirmed all of the isolated fungal isolates from the Greek yogurt to be Rhizomucor variabilis. The generated ITS1 sequences matched 100% with the published sequences available in GenBank. In addition, these yogurt samples were also tested for the presence of five types of bacteria (Salmonella, Listeria, Staphylococcus, Bacillus and Escherichia coli) causing foodborne disease in humans, and found negative for all of them. View Full-Text
Keywords: nucleotide sequencing; rapid identification; foodborne disease nucleotide sequencing; rapid identification; foodborne disease
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Sulaiman, I.M.; Jacobs, E.; Simpson, S.; Kerdahi, K. Molecular Identification of Isolated Fungi from Unopened Containers of Greek Yogurt by DNA Sequencing of Internal Transcribed Spacer Region. Pathogens 2014, 3, 499-509.

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