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Article

Diurnal Variation of Plasma Extracellular Vesicle Is Disrupted in People Living with HIV

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Axe de Recherche Maladies Infectieuses et Immunitaires, CHUL, Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec-Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 4G2, Canada
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Programme de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses, Centre Muraz, Institut National de Santé Publique, Bobo-Dioulasso 01 BP 390, Burkina Faso
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Département de Microbiologie, Infectiologie et Immunologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada
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Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC H2X 0A9, Canada
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Chronic Viral Illness Service and Division of Hematology, McGill University Health Centre, Montréal, QC H4A 3J1, Canada
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Infectious Diseases and Immunity in Global Health Program, Research Institute, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC H4A 3J1, Canada
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Axe de Recherche Santé des Populations et Pratiques Optimales en Santé, Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec-Université Laval, Québec, QC G1S 4L8, Canada
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Département de Médecine Sociale et Préventive, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
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Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec, Québec, QC G1V 5B3, Canada
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Département de Microbiologie-Infectiologie et d’Immunologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Qiana Matthews
Pathogens 2021, 10(5), 518; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10050518
Received: 27 February 2021 / Revised: 10 April 2021 / Accepted: 19 April 2021 / Published: 24 April 2021
Background: Several types of extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by various immune and non-immune cells are present in the human plasma. We previously demonstrated that EV abundance and microRNA content change in pathological conditions, such as HIV infection. Here, we investigated daily variations of large and small EVs, in terms of abundance and microRNA contents in people living with HIV (PLWH) receiving antiretroviral therapy (HIV+ART) and uninfected controls (HIV−). Methods: Venous blood samples from n = 10 HIV+ART and n = 10 HIV− participants were collected at 10:00 and 22:00 the same day. Large and small plasma EVs were purified, counted, and the mature miRNAs miR-29a, miR-29b, miR-92, miR-155, and miR-223 copies were measured by RT-PCR. Results: Large EVs were significantly bigger in the plasma collected at 10:00 versus 22:00 in both groups. There was a significant day–night increase in the quantity of 5 miRNAs in HIV− large EVs. In HIV+ART, only miR-155 daily variation has been observed in large EVs. Finally, EV-miRNA content permits to distinguish HIV− to HIV+ART in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: These results point that plasma EV amount and microRNA contents are under daily variation in HIV− people. This new dynamic measure is disrupted in PLWH despite viral-suppressive ART. This study highlights a significant difference concerning EV abundance and their content measured at 22:00 between both groups. Therefore, the time of blood collection must be considered in the future for the EV as biomarkers. View Full-Text
Keywords: extracellular vesicles; HIV−1; microRNA; miR-29a; miR-29b; miR-92; miR-155; miR-223; circadian clock extracellular vesicles; HIV−1; microRNA; miR-29a; miR-29b; miR-92; miR-155; miR-223; circadian clock
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bazié, W.W.; Goyer, B.; Boucher, J.; Zhang, Y.; Planas, D.; Chatterjee, D.; Routy, J.-P.; Alary, M.; Ancuta, P.; Gilbert, C. Diurnal Variation of Plasma Extracellular Vesicle Is Disrupted in People Living with HIV. Pathogens 2021, 10, 518. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10050518

AMA Style

Bazié WW, Goyer B, Boucher J, Zhang Y, Planas D, Chatterjee D, Routy J-P, Alary M, Ancuta P, Gilbert C. Diurnal Variation of Plasma Extracellular Vesicle Is Disrupted in People Living with HIV. Pathogens. 2021; 10(5):518. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10050518

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bazié, Wilfried W., Benjamin Goyer, Julien Boucher, Yuwei Zhang, Delphine Planas, Debashree Chatterjee, Jean-Pierre Routy, Michel Alary, Petronela Ancuta, and Caroline Gilbert. 2021. "Diurnal Variation of Plasma Extracellular Vesicle Is Disrupted in People Living with HIV" Pathogens 10, no. 5: 518. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10050518

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