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Review

Medicinal Plants and Their Bacterial Microbiota: A Review on Antimicrobial Compounds Production for Plant and Human Health

1
Department of Biology, University of Florence, 50019 Florence, Italy
2
CERFIT, Research and Innovation Center in Phytotherapy and Integrated Medicine, Tuscany Region, Careggi University Hospital, 50141 Florence, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Co-first author.
Pathogens 2021, 10(2), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10020106
Received: 21 December 2020 / Revised: 20 January 2021 / Accepted: 21 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Beneficial Plant–Fungal Interactions)
Medicinal plants (MPs) have been used since antiquity in traditional and popular medicine, and they represent a very important source of bioactive molecules, including antibiotic, antiviral, and antifungal molecules. Such compounds are often of plant origin, but in some cases, an origin or a modification from plant microbiota has been shown. Actually, the research continues to report the production of bioactive molecules by plants, but the role of plant–endophytic interaction is emerging. Classic examples are mainly concerned with fungal endophytes; however, it has been recently shown that bacterial endophytes can also play an important role in influencing the plant metabolism related to the synthesis of bioactive compounds. In spite of this, a deep investigation on the power of MP bacterial endophytes is lacking. Here, an overview of the studies on MP bacterial microbiota and its role in the production of plant antimicrobial compounds contributing to prime host defense system and representing a huge resource for biotech and therapeutic applications is provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: medicinal plants; plant microbiota; bacterial endophytes; antimicrobials medicinal plants; plant microbiota; bacterial endophytes; antimicrobials
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MDPI and ACS Style

Castronovo, L.M.; Vassallo, A.; Mengoni, A.; Miceli, E.; Bogani, P.; Firenzuoli, F.; Fani, R.; Maggini, V. Medicinal Plants and Their Bacterial Microbiota: A Review on Antimicrobial Compounds Production for Plant and Human Health. Pathogens 2021, 10, 106. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10020106

AMA Style

Castronovo LM, Vassallo A, Mengoni A, Miceli E, Bogani P, Firenzuoli F, Fani R, Maggini V. Medicinal Plants and Their Bacterial Microbiota: A Review on Antimicrobial Compounds Production for Plant and Human Health. Pathogens. 2021; 10(2):106. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10020106

Chicago/Turabian Style

Castronovo, Lara M., Alberto Vassallo, Alessio Mengoni, Elisangela Miceli, Patrizia Bogani, Fabio Firenzuoli, Renato Fani, and Valentina Maggini. 2021. "Medicinal Plants and Their Bacterial Microbiota: A Review on Antimicrobial Compounds Production for Plant and Human Health" Pathogens 10, no. 2: 106. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10020106

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