Next Article in Journal
Tracking the Transcription Kinetic of SARS-CoV-2 in Human Cells by Reverse Transcription-Droplet Digital PCR
Previous Article in Journal
Comparative Efficacy of State-of-the-Art and New Biological Stump Treatments in Forests Infested by the Native and the Alien Invasive Heterobasidion Species Present in Europe
Previous Article in Special Issue
Rhipicephalus sanguineus Complex in the Americas: Systematic, Genetic Diversity, and Geographic Insights

Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases in Central America and the Caribbean: A One Health Perspective

Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Department of Medical Entomology, Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Research, Panama 0816-02593, Panama
Ambulance for Lyme Borreliosis and Other Tick-Borne Diseases, Pasteur Institute Novi Sad, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
Department of Microbiology with Parasitology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E2, Canada
Department of Animal Health, National Center for Animal and Plant Health, Carretera de Tapaste y Autopista Nacional, Apartado Postal 10, San José de las Lajas, Mayabeque 32700, Cuba
CIRAD, UMR ASTRE, Petit-Bourg, 97170 Guadeloupe, France
ASTRE, University de Montpellier, CIRAD, INRAE, 34398 Montpellier, France
Department of Mycology-Bacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine Pedro Kourí, Marianao 13, Havana 10400, Cuba
Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Melbourne Veterinary School, the University of Melbourne, Werribee, VIC 3030, Australia
Anses, INRAE, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, UMR BIPAR, Laboratoire de Santé Animale, 94700 Maisons-Alfort, France
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mária Kazimírová
Pathogens 2021, 10(10), 1273;
Received: 8 August 2021 / Revised: 22 September 2021 / Accepted: 27 September 2021 / Published: 2 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Regional Impact of Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases)
Ticks have complex life cycles which involve blood-feeding stages found on wild and domestic animals, with humans as accidental hosts. At each blood-feeding stage, ticks can transmit and/or acquire pathogens from their hosts. Therefore, the circulation of tick-borne pathogens (TBPs), especially the zoonotic ones, should be studied in a multi-layered manner, including all components of the chain of infections, following the ‘One Health’ tenets. The implementation of such an approach requires coordination among major stakeholders (such as veterinarians, physicians, acarologists, and researchers) for the identification of exposure and infection risks and application of effective prevention measures. In this review, we summarize our current knowledge on the epidemiology of tick-borne diseases in Central America and the Caribbean and the challenges associated with the implementation of ‘One Health’ surveillance and control programs in the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: ticks; tick-borne diseases; Central America; Caribbean; One Health ticks; tick-borne diseases; Central America; Caribbean; One Health
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Charles, R.A.; Bermúdez, S.; Banović, P.; Alvarez, D.O.; Díaz-Sánchez, A.A.; Corona-González, B.; Etter, E.M.C.; Rodríguez González, I.; Ghafar, A.; Jabbar, A.; Moutailler, S.; Cabezas-Cruz, A. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases in Central America and the Caribbean: A One Health Perspective. Pathogens 2021, 10, 1273.

AMA Style

Charles RA, Bermúdez S, Banović P, Alvarez DO, Díaz-Sánchez AA, Corona-González B, Etter EMC, Rodríguez González I, Ghafar A, Jabbar A, Moutailler S, Cabezas-Cruz A. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases in Central America and the Caribbean: A One Health Perspective. Pathogens. 2021; 10(10):1273.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Charles, Roxanne A., Sergio Bermúdez, Pavle Banović, Dasiel O. Alvarez, Adrian A. Díaz-Sánchez, Belkis Corona-González, Eric M.C. Etter, Islay Rodríguez González, Abdul Ghafar, Abdul Jabbar, Sara Moutailler, and Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz. 2021. "Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases in Central America and the Caribbean: A One Health Perspective" Pathogens 10, no. 10: 1273.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop