2. Interactive Learning Environments to Prevent Gender-Based Violence
2.1. Dialogue as a Protective Factor against Gender-Based Violence
2.2. Dialogic Feminist Gatherings and Preventive Socialization of Gender-Based Violence
3. Materials and Methods
3.3. Data Collection
3.3.1. Communicative Focus Groups
3.3.2. Dialogic Feminist Gatherings
3.3.3. Communicative Daily Life Stories
3.4. Data Analysis
4.1. Competences in Attraction
4.1.1. Social Origin of Love and Socialization in the Traditional Relationship Model
Come on, that attraction... Both attraction and love is a personal thing, it does not depend on a “Cupid” coming here to give you a crush or being an attraction and destiny and things like that. We simply decide on the kind of love, in which way and with what premises we have a relationship.(F, 16 years old)
4.1.2. Rejection of Unequal Relationships
- Yes, it’s just that for one night you can end up very badly. You have to know how to do it with so that you don’t have to tell the whole neighborhood and you’re already fucked. Even if it’s just one night, let’s make it worth it! (A, 15 years old).
- Make it always special (O, 16 years old).
- It’s just that it’s literally. Let’s make it five minutes, but five minutes worth remembering (I, 17 years old).
- That’s enough! How do you get attracted to a person who fucks up your life? Handsome? No, a shitty person! (A, 15 years old).
4.1.3. Attraction to Egalitarian Relationships and Linking Passion and Friendship
I think you could start by changing your environment. That is to say, your people, and then already... Because in this way, in small groups, we can make a group, a group in quotes, like... And, in this way, more or less, something in society can change.(C, 17 years old)
- What is attraction? Does this mean that you like it? Does it mean you are “on fire”? (D, 17 years old).
- Yes, but not only physically, but also personally, in terms of thought and goodness... (F, 16 years old).
- We should get to have it all (L, 15 years old).
- Yes. It strikes me that in all media they separate whether you are passionate or sweet and kind. There is a tendency to separate passion from being a sweet and kind person, and one must stop believing that they are opposites (F, 16 years old).
- And enjoy it! (I, 17 years old).
4.2. Competences in Election
4.2.1. Intersubjective or Communicative Election of Sexual-affective Relationships and Election Based on Claims of Validity
- Sometimes, you go for the one who treats you badly. You know, but he’s the coolest one, you think he is cute (C, 17 years old).
- From what you’ve said, I think we get that boy because if you get the good boy, your friends are going to say: “Why are you with this one if others are better looking?” (H, 15 years old).
- That’s what I wanted to say. They’ve put us like glasses that don’t let us see the truth and on the real scale we go down, we look like shit (C, 17 years old).
4.2.2. Elimination of Situations in Which Desire is Opposed to Reason
- I have chosen point one of the eighty-nine [she reads]. The thing about transforming attraction, because you choose those with traditional values and there are always problems, you have a hard time and the days of not seeing him make you recover (D, 17 years old).
- Yes, that the person’s absence is what makes you realize… (A, 15 years old).
- That, that you can do by not seeing him so that it goes away, and it goes away (D, 17 years old).
- As you choose wrong, but if you decide to spend days without seeing him, you realize better that this is not what you want for you (C, 17 years old).
4.2.3. Election Based on the Transformative Definition of Love
The fact is that what we sometimes look for in a stable relationship seems to be simply some tenderness, friendship, I don’t know what, and we forget about passion. And when we want a sporadic relationship what we look for is simply passion without a person treating us well. So, the goal is to take all those characteristics for both a casual and a steady relationship… Why don’t we make good choices in casual relationships, too? By choosing a person who treats us well, who treats us with respect. We have to learn to choose that guy and push the pimp one away.(F, 16 years old)
4.3. Competences for Equality
4.3.1. Knowledge of the Internalization of Power Hierarchies and Development of Critical Spirit
Family can raise you in one way, but you can do the opposite, for better or for worse.(C, 17 years old)
4.3.2. Development of Equal Sexual-affective Relationships
5. Discussion and Conclusions
Conflicts of Interest
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|Pseudonym||Age||Educational Level||Personal Background|
|A||15||Vocational training||Survivor of lack of protection and family violence|
|B||16||Adapted Secondary School||Survivor of sexual assault in the family environment|
|C||17||Vocational training||Survivor of family abuse and record of drug abuse|
|D||17||Transition to Adulthood Program||Survivor of lack of protection and family violence|
|E||17||Upper Secondary School||Survivor of lack of protection and family emotional abuse|
|F||16||Upper Secondary School||Survivor of lack of family protection|
|G||18||Vocational training||Survivor of sexual assault in the family context|
|H||15||Adapted Secondary School||Survivor of lack of family protection|
|I||17||Secondary School||Survivor of gender-based violence|
|J||18||Vocational training||Survivor and perpetrator of family violence|
|K||18||Secondary School||Survivor of sexual assault in the family context|
|L||15||Adapted Secondary School||Survivor of family neglect and record of drug abuse|
|M||15||Secondary School||Survivor of lack of protection and family violence|
|N||17||Vocational training||Survivor of family neglect and record of drug abuse|
|O||16||Adapted Secondary School||Survivor of lack of family protection|
|Preventive Socialization of Gender-Based Violence|
|Competencies in ATTRACTION||Competencies in ELECTION||Competencies for EQUALITY|
|Social origin of love||Intersubjective or communicative election of sexual-affective relationships||Knowledge of the internalization of power hierarchies|
|Socialization in the traditional relationship model||Election based on claims of validity||Development of the critical spirit|
|Rejection of unequal relationships||Elimination of situations in which desire is opposed to reason||Development of equal sexual-affective relationships|
|Attraction to egalitarian relationships||Election based on the transformative definition of love|
|Union of the feelings of passion and friendship|
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