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A Socio-Spatial Approach to Enable Inclusive Well-Being in Cities: A Case Study of Birmingham, UK

1
School of Engineering and Built Environment, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Anglia Ruskin University, Chelmsford CM1 1SQ, UK
2
Lancaster Institute for the Contemporary Arts, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK
3
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Soc. Sci. 2020, 9(6), 109; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci9060109
Received: 14 May 2020 / Revised: 14 June 2020 / Accepted: 19 June 2020 / Published: 23 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Promotion, Public Health, and Built Environment)
This article examines density and deprivation, the two important parameters that define health and well-being in cities. Discussions are drawn from a case study conducted in Birmingham in four neighborhoods characterized by their different population density and deprivation levels. Data were collected through questionnaires developed from a set of subjective well-being measures and built environment audits, based on the Irvine Minnesota Inventory that evaluates the quality of streets and walkability in neighborhoods. The inferences from the study support the need for linking health, planning, policy and design research and decision-making to the socio-spatial practices of people, impacting well-being at the everyday level. The findings provide a holistic approach health and well-being research and suggests a conceptual framework for inclusive well-being in cities, which signifies the role of social and spatial parameters in determining peoples’ health and well-being. The study also highlights the lack of interdisciplinary research in understanding the association between well-being and social and behavioral practices in diverse communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: health; well-being; density; deprivation; inclusive; spatial; social; interdisciplinary health; well-being; density; deprivation; inclusive; spatial; social; interdisciplinary
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Rajendran, L.P.; Boyko, C.T.; Coulton, C.J.; Hale, J.D.; Cooper, R.F.D. A Socio-Spatial Approach to Enable Inclusive Well-Being in Cities: A Case Study of Birmingham, UK. Soc. Sci. 2020, 9, 109.

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