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Processes of Sub-Citizenship: Neoliberal Statecrafting ‘Citizens,’ ‘Non-Citizens,’ and Detainable ‘Others’

The Northern Institute, Charles Darwin University, Darwin 0810, Australia
Soc. Sci. 2020, 9(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci9010005
Received: 9 November 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 28 December 2019 / Published: 14 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Reshaping the World: Rethinking Borders)
Increasingly, scholars are exploring the politics of migration and the shifting terrain of citizenship from a critical mobilities perspective. To contribute to these discussions, in this paper, I explore how processes of sub-citizenship occur as nation-states craft immigration, citizenship, and border securitization policies and practices. I argue that complex and shifting processes of sub-citizenship largely occur through the nation-state’s production of ‘insiders’ (‘citizens’) and ‘outsiders’ (‘non-citizens’). As a nascent attempt to introduce sub-citizenship, I draw upon recent high-profile cases of family separation, abuse, and neglect experienced by children with ‘illegal migrant’ status in the United States and Australia. Under the international nation-state system and the neoliberal globalization paradigm, the border policing powers of nation-states are primed to expand and intensify processes of sub-citizenship. Those at lower levels of the sub-citizen hierarchy are at risk of experiencing various forms of state-led violence, including deportation, detention, and torture.
Keywords: human mobility; citizenship; children in detention; nation-state; border policing; illegalization; neoliberalism; USA; Australia; immigration detention human mobility; citizenship; children in detention; nation-state; border policing; illegalization; neoliberalism; USA; Australia; immigration detention
MDPI and ACS Style

Rung, D.L. Processes of Sub-Citizenship: Neoliberal Statecrafting ‘Citizens,’ ‘Non-Citizens,’ and Detainable ‘Others’. Soc. Sci. 2020, 9, 5.

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