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Open AccessArticle

Legitimate Exclusion of Would-Be Immigrants: A View from Global Ethics and the Ethics of International Relations

1
Faculty of Philosophy, Panamericana University, Mexico City 03920, Mexico
2
Faculty of Philosophy, National University of Mexico, Mexico City 04510, Mexico
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(8), 238; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8080238
Received: 30 March 2019 / Revised: 30 July 2019 / Accepted: 4 August 2019 / Published: 9 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Reshaping the World: Rethinking Borders)
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PDF [335 KB, uploaded 22 August 2019]

Abstract

The debate about justice in immigration seems somehow stagnated given that it seems justice requires both further exclusion and more porous borders. In the face of this, I propose to take a step back and to realize that the general problem of borders—to determine what kind of borders liberal democracies ought to have—gives rise to two particular problems: first, to justify exclusive control over the administration of borders (the problem of legitimacy of borders) and, second, to specify how this control ought to be exercised (the problem of justice of borders). The literature has explored the second but ignored the first. Therefore, I propose a different approach to the ethics of immigration by focusing on concerns of legitimacy in a three-step framework: first, identifying the kind of authority or power that immigration controls exercise; second, redefining borders as international and domestic institutions that issue that kind of power; and finally, considering supranational institutions that redistribute the right to exclude among legitimate borders. View Full-Text
Keywords: distributive justice; political legitimacy; international legitimacy; liberal theory of international relations; immigration; political self-determination; territorial rights; nationalism; statism distributive justice; political legitimacy; international legitimacy; liberal theory of international relations; immigration; political self-determination; territorial rights; nationalism; statism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Camacho-Beltrán, E. Legitimate Exclusion of Would-Be Immigrants: A View from Global Ethics and the Ethics of International Relations. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 238.

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