2. Global Migration and Displacement
2.1. International Migrants
2.2. Refugees and Asylum Seekers
2.3. Irregular Migrants
3. Climate Change and Migration
4. Borders Amplifying Migrants’ Precarity
4.2. Categorizing Migrants Amplifies Precarity
The evidence reveals that the asylum-seekers and economic migrants often have similar reasons for choosing to make the dangerous journey to Europe and one person may fall into both of these categories at the same time. One common and crucial motivation is their search for a secure livelihood.
One person’s motives may change in nature and in importance during their journey, suggesting that categorising individuals as ‘economic migrants’ or ‘asylum-seekers’ does not reflect the complex and fluid reality of people’s experience of migration.
4.3. Deterritorializing Borders Amplifies Precarity
4.4. Infrastructure at the Border Amplifies Precarity
Conflicts of Interest
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Unless otherwise noted, this section specifically refers to the precarity of the migrant in transit. For many migrants, they choose to move because they live a life marked by precarity, and in several instances, it persists after their migration.
Borders practices have also been internalized, as is evident inside the US territory where local police and immigration and customs enforcement officials enforce immigration policies in homes, workplaces, and public spaces all across the country (Coleman and Kocher 2011).
Brown in Jones et al. (2017, p. 3) built upon her 2010 argument, in light of recent developments in the European Union, to look at the ways in which new walls serve to corridor flows within and between states and represent a challenge not just to national sovereignty, but also to the “postnational political institutions and political economic constellations”.
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