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Moving People in a Changing Climate: Lessons from Two Case Studies in Fiji

School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
School of Social Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, Queensland 4556, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(5), 133;
Received: 27 February 2019 / Revised: 24 April 2019 / Accepted: 26 April 2019 / Published: 29 April 2019
PDF [2322 KB, uploaded 29 April 2019]


High levels of vulnerability to climate change impacts are rendering some places uninhabitable. In Fiji, four communities have already initiated or completed the task of moving their homes and livelihoods to less exposed locations, with numerous more communities earmarked for future relocation. This paper documents people’s lived experiences in two relocated communities in Fiji—Denimanu and Vunidogoloa villages—and assesses the outcomes of the relocations on those directly affected. This study in particular seeks to identify to what extent livelihoods have been either positively or negatively affected by relocation, and whether these relocations have successfully reduced exposure to climate-related hazards. This study shows that planned climate-induced relocations have the potential to improve the livelihoods of affected communities, yet if these relocations are not managed and undertaken carefully, they can lead to unintended negative impacts, including exposure to other hazards. We find that inclusive community involvement in the planning process, regular and intentional monitoring and evaluation, and improving livelihoods through targeted livelihood planning should be accounted for in future relocations to ensure outcomes are beneficial and sustainable. View Full-Text
Keywords: relocation; resettlement; livelihoods; Pacific Islands; migration; SIDS; vulnerability; exposure relocation; resettlement; livelihoods; Pacific Islands; migration; SIDS; vulnerability; exposure

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Piggott-McKellar, A.E.; McNamara, K.E.; Nunn, P.D.; Sekinini, S.T. Moving People in a Changing Climate: Lessons from Two Case Studies in Fiji. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 133.

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