- freely available
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- “design out waste and pollution”.
- “keep products and materials in use”.
- “regenerate natural systems”.
2. Form and Contents of the Thematic Issue
3. Concluding Remarks and Further Issues on the Research Agenda
- the current state of CE. Programs and initiatives in both developing and developed countries.
- future trends of CE. A program of change involving managers, consumers, and politicians.
- the analysis of CE policies. The role of subsidies, penalties, and taxes.
- an assessment of CE. The analysis of potential social opportunities, environmental improvements, and economic advantages.
- measurement of CE. The definition of indicators and the quantification of the circularity of a product.
- rethinking the concept of waste. Needs and opportunities.
- the transition towards a low carbon society. The relationship between the CE models and the use of renewable energies.
- the change on the production side (innovation, efficiency, and efficacy of firms) and on the demand side (the attitudes, behaviors, and practices of consumers).
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