Next Article in Journal
Cognitive-Based E-Learning Design for Older Adults
Next Article in Special Issue
Work and Family Life Reconciliation Policies in Turkey: Europeanisation or Ottomanisation?
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
A Socio-Structural Perspective on Family Model Preferences, Gender Roles and Work–Family Attitudes in Spain
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8010005

Gender Equality in Europe and the Effect of Work-Family Balance Policies on Gender-Role Attitudes

1
Data Archive for the Social Sciences, GESIS—Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, 50667 Cologne, Germany
2
Department of Education, Cultural Heritage and Tourism, University of Macerata, 62100 Macerata, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 September 2018 / Revised: 26 November 2018 / Accepted: 24 December 2018 / Published: 30 December 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [1032 KB, uploaded 30 December 2018]   |  

Abstract

This study starts from the assumption that the context of opportunities for work-family balance affects individual attitudes toward gender roles, a main indicator of support for gender equality. Compared with extant research, the present study adopts a more articulated definition of “opportunity structure” that includes national income level and social norms on gender attitudes, measures of gender-mainstreaming policies implemented at the company level (flextime), and different work-family balance policies in support of the dual-earner/dual-caregiver family model (e.g., parental-leave schemes and childcare provisions). The effects of these factors are estimated by performing a cross-sectional multilevel analysis for the year 2014. Gender-role attitudes and micro-level controls are taken from the Eurobarometer for all 28 European Union (EU) members, while macro-indicators stem from Eurostat, European Quality of Work Survey, and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Our results show that both institutional and workplace arrangements supporting the dual-earner/dual-caregiver family model are associated with more egalitarian gender-role attitudes This is particularly true concerning availability of formal childcare for 0- to 3-year-olds among institutional factors, as well as work-schedule flexibility among workplace factors, probably as they enable a combination of care and paid work for both men and women. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender equality; work-family balance; gender-role attitudes; childcare; working time; multilevel analysis gender equality; work-family balance; gender-role attitudes; childcare; working time; multilevel analysis
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lomazzi, V.; Israel, S.; Crespi, I. Gender Equality in Europe and the Effect of Work-Family Balance Policies on Gender-Role Attitudes. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 5.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Soc. Sci. EISSN 2076-0760 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top