Next Article in Journal
Cognitive-Based E-Learning Design for Older Adults
Next Article in Special Issue
Work and Family Life Reconciliation Policies in Turkey: Europeanisation or Ottomanisation?
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
A Socio-Structural Perspective on Family Model Preferences, Gender Roles and Work–Family Attitudes in Spain
Article

Gender Equality in Europe and the Effect of Work-Family Balance Policies on Gender-Role Attitudes

1
Data Archive for the Social Sciences, GESIS—Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, 50667 Cologne, Germany
2
Department of Education, Cultural Heritage and Tourism, University of Macerata, 62100 Macerata, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8010005
Received: 4 September 2018 / Revised: 26 November 2018 / Accepted: 24 December 2018 / Published: 30 December 2018
This study starts from the assumption that the context of opportunities for work-family balance affects individual attitudes toward gender roles, a main indicator of support for gender equality. Compared with extant research, the present study adopts a more articulated definition of “opportunity structure” that includes national income level and social norms on gender attitudes, measures of gender-mainstreaming policies implemented at the company level (flextime), and different work-family balance policies in support of the dual-earner/dual-caregiver family model (e.g., parental-leave schemes and childcare provisions). The effects of these factors are estimated by performing a cross-sectional multilevel analysis for the year 2014. Gender-role attitudes and micro-level controls are taken from the Eurobarometer for all 28 European Union (EU) members, while macro-indicators stem from Eurostat, European Quality of Work Survey, and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Our results show that both institutional and workplace arrangements supporting the dual-earner/dual-caregiver family model are associated with more egalitarian gender-role attitudes This is particularly true concerning availability of formal childcare for 0- to 3-year-olds among institutional factors, as well as work-schedule flexibility among workplace factors, probably as they enable a combination of care and paid work for both men and women. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender equality; work-family balance; gender-role attitudes; childcare; working time; multilevel analysis gender equality; work-family balance; gender-role attitudes; childcare; working time; multilevel analysis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lomazzi, V.; Israel, S.; Crespi, I. Gender Equality in Europe and the Effect of Work-Family Balance Policies on Gender-Role Attitudes. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 5. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8010005

AMA Style

Lomazzi V, Israel S, Crespi I. Gender Equality in Europe and the Effect of Work-Family Balance Policies on Gender-Role Attitudes. Social Sciences. 2019; 8(1):5. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8010005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lomazzi, Vera, Sabine Israel, and Isabella Crespi. 2019. "Gender Equality in Europe and the Effect of Work-Family Balance Policies on Gender-Role Attitudes" Social Sciences 8, no. 1: 5. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8010005

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop