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Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(10), 201; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7100201

Social Class Inequalities in Graduates’ Labour Market Outcomes: The Role of Spatial Job Opportunities

Moray House School of Education, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 8AQ, UK
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Received: 4 August 2018 / Revised: 21 September 2018 / Accepted: 11 October 2018 / Published: 19 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social Stratification and Inequality in Access to Higher Education)
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Abstract

This paper provides new important evidence on the spatial dimension of social class inequalities in graduates’ labour market outcomes, an aspect largely overlooked within the existing literature. Using data from the HESA Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education Early and Longitudinal Survey (DLHE) for the 2008/09 graduate cohort and applying multilevel logistic regression models, we investigate whether and the extent to which social class inequalities in graduates’ occupational outcomes vary depending on the job opportunities in the geographical area where they find employment. By examining different macro-level indicators, we find wider social inequalities by parental social class in areas with fewer opportunities in high professional and managerial occupations and smaller inequalities in areas with more opportunities. Interestingly, this pattern applies only to graduates who moved away from their place of origin. We interpret this finding as the result of selective migration, that is, areas with more opportunities attract the better-qualified graduates irrespective of their social origin. Finally, graduates’ HE experiences—in particular, their field of study—and sector of employment explain most of the social class gap in areas with fewer job opportunities. View Full-Text
Keywords: social class inequalities; graduates; professional jobs; job opportunities social class inequalities; graduates; professional jobs; job opportunities
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Duta, A.; Iannelli, C. Social Class Inequalities in Graduates’ Labour Market Outcomes: The Role of Spatial Job Opportunities. Soc. Sci. 2018, 7, 201.

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